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Advocates for property transfer

Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

There are various ways through which you can transfer a property that you own. It could be by way of sale, Will or gift. A commonly used method, especially when transferring to a family member or friend, is executing a gift deed in favour of the recipient. Though no monetary transaction is involved, it is still necessary to register the gift deed to make the transfer valid.

Advocates for Property Transfer in and around Pune

WHAT IS A GIFT DEED?

Under section 122 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, you can transfer immovable property through a gift deed. Like a sale deed, a gift deed contains details of the property, the transferrer and recipient. But instead of a sale consideration in a sale deed, a gift deed allows you to transfer ownership without any exchange of money. Registering a gift deed with the sub-registrar is mandatory as per section 17 of the Registration Act, 1908, and as per section 123 of the Transfer of Property Act. If you don’t do this, the transfer will be invalid.

Besides that, once a gift deed is registered in the name of the recipient, only then can she apply for mutation of the property. Mutation is necessary to transfer utility connections in the name of the recipient. Also, for the recipient to be able to further transfer the property, a registered gift deed will be required.

WHAT ARE THE CHARGES?

Stamp duty and registration fee has to be paid to register a gift deed. In some states, stamp duty rates for property transfer by way of gift is the same as for sale or conveyance deed.

However, rules vary across states; certain state governments even offer some concession if the property is being gifted to blood relatives. For instance, in Delhi, the stamp duty in case of property transfer by way of sale or gift deed is the same—4% for men and 6% for women. In West Bengal, the stamp duty for sale or conveyance deed is 5% of the property’s market value in panchayat areas, and 6% of market value in municipal areas. In case of a gift deed, the rate is the same if the property is being gifted to a non-family member. If recipient is a family member, then only 0.5% of the market value of the property has to be paid as stamp duty.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

Once a gift deed of an immovable property is executed in favour of any recipient, the donor does not have the right to revoke or cancel the deed at a later stage, unless there is a specific clause mentioned in the deed. Section 126 of the property transfer Act provides for a situation wherein a gift deed may be revoked by the donor. For instance, if the property was gifted so that the recipient can reside in it, upon death of the recipient, the property will get transferred back to the donor if she is alive, else to the heirs of the recipient. Such details, however, need to be specifically mentioned in the gift deed.

Everyone’s dream is to own a property. Obviously you need money to buy a property, but many recent instances of fraud and bogus selling of property is something that is beyond money alone. If there is one important thing that gives legal protection to ownership of your property, it is the sale deed.

What is sale deed?

A sale deed is one of the most valuable legal documents in a purchase or sale of a property. It is governed by the Registration Act and is an important document for both the buyer or the transferee and the seller or the transferor.

The purchase or sale of property is not legally complete until a sale deed is signed between the buyer and the seller. Usually a sale deed is signed only after both the parties are satisfied and comply with the terms and conditions as said in the agreement.

How is it prepared?

To begin with the buyer and the seller agree to prepare a draft sale deed on non-judicial stamp paper. This value of the sale deed will differ from state to state in the country and as prescribed by the Stamp Act of the respective State.

Once the following details in the sale deed is agreed between the two parties the sale deed is ready to be signed. The sale deed would also require to be signed by at least two witnesses with all their details included.

What does it contain?

A sale deed has almost all the details required to carry out the purchase or sale of a property. Beginning with the basic details like the full names of the buyer and the seller, and their addresses, the other details in the draft sale deed would include the details of the property under sale such as its identification number, its exact location, the address, total area of the property, and the detail of the construction if it is a house.Most importantly the sale deed would require the seller to certify that the property under sale is free from any encumbrance and without any lien.If there is an existing loan taken against the property the seller should settle the loan and then only execute the sale deed. However, it is always better for the buyer to check this with the local registrar’s office.Besides these the draft sale deed would also include the total amount to be paid for the purchase/sale of the property, advance amount paid if any, the dates on which the payment are made, how it is paid, the time given for the payments, the details of the bank transactions of the payments, etc.The sale deed would also mention about the receipt issued by the seller to the buyer for the money received towards the sale transaction.It would also clearly mention the exact date on which the seller would hand over to the buyer the original property related documents and the date of subsequent possession of the property under sale.The draft sale deed would also mention the indemnity provisions for the buyer and the seller.

How does it work?

The sale deed is registered at the jurisdictional sub-registrar’s office. Apart from the buyer and seller of the property under sale the witnesses should also be present at the time of registration.Sometimes if the buyer or seller is not in a position to be physically present his nominated agent empowered with a Power of Attorney is legally allowed to execute the sale deed.The original documents related to the sale of the property should be produced within four months from the date the sale deed is to be executed. If this is not possible the registrar might allow a grace period of another four months to produce the original documents however this delay might attract a maximum penalty of 10 times the registration charges related to the property.Usually, the buyer would pay the stamp duty and the registration charges. And the seller on his part should ensure that all payments related to the property such as property tax, cess, water and electricity charges, and others was paid before the sale deed is executed.

 

Best property Advocates in Pune

Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

There are various ways through which you can transfer a property that you own. It could be by way of sale, Will or gift. A commonly used method, especially when transferring to a family member or friend, is executing a gift deed in favour of the recipient. Though no monetary transaction is involved, it is still necessary to register the gift deed to make the transfer valid.

Best property Advocates in Pune

Property Law Cases / Property Transfer includes All movable or immovable Property Claims/Suits.
The Indian Constitution does not recognize property right as a fundamental right. In the year 1977, the 44th amendment eliminated the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property as a fundamental right. However, in another part of the Constitution, Article 300 (A) was inserted to affirm that no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law. The result is that the right to property as a fundamental right is now substituted as a statutory right. The amendment expanded the power of the state to appropriate property for social welfare purposes. In other words, the amendment bestowed upon the Indian socialist state a license to indulge in what Fredric Bastiat termed legal plunder. This is one of the classic examples when the law has been perverted in order to make plunder look just and sacred to many consciences.

Indian experiences and conception of property and wealth have a very different historical basis when compared to western countries. The fact the present system of property as we know arises out of the peculiar developments in Europe in the 17th to 18thcentury and therefore its experiences were universally not applicable. A still more economic area in which the answer is both difficult and important is the definition of property rights. The notion of property as it has developed over centuries and it has embodied in our legal codes, has become so much a part of us that we tend to take it for granted, and fail to recognize the extent to which just what constitutes property and what rights the ownership of property confers are complex social creations rather than self-evident propositions.

Transfer Of Property

If you want to transfer registered land or property, you must use the correct form depending on whether you are transferring the whole or part of the actual land or property. You will need to send us a completed form TR1 if you wish to transfer: the whole of the land/property a share of the property/land by adding someone to the ownership, for example, on marriage or civil partnership when the current owner(s) is transferring to themselves and their new partner a share of the property by removing someone from ownership, for example, when a relationship breaks down and one or more of the current owner(s) are transferring to the remaining owner(s) a share in the property/land by adding additional owners, for example when E and F want to add G and H to the ownership, so E and F transfer to E,F G and H, a share in a property, for example, when I J and K own the property/land and I no longer wants to be an owner so I, J and K transfer to J and K.

Having an authorized property without any legal issues is very important for a new property investor. With an increasing number of frauds in a land sale, it is quite difficult to sense the trouble at the initial stages. In such cases, one of the most important legal security towards the ownership of the property will be the sale deed. It is mandatory that every investor is aware of the importance and the basis of a sale deed. This will protect him from being cheated by any developers and owners.
Agreements & Contracts

While preparing property agreements you bear in mind some basic points. This not only helps you in ensuring the validity of an agreement but also saves time and avoids unwanted delays from the seller. Here are some tips that help you to ensure the validity of your property.

1. Terms for Payment

The buyer and seller have to agree to the terms of the price and other expenses with regard to the transfer of property. The document must contain the terms and method of payment agreed by both buyer and seller, the time required for payment of the last installment of property. The lawyers of both the buyer and seller must go through the documentation and sign them.

2. Transfer Title of Property

The title of the property is an important document for the sanction of mortgage or loan from the bank. The title of property should be transferred to the buyer’s name once the seller receives the amount agreed with the buyer. Transfer of title of the property is the last step in the transaction before transferring the property. Seller has to register the property in the buyer’s name in local registrar office or under whichever jurisdiction the property belongs to.

3. Stamp Duty

Stamp duty rates are fixed for properties by the authorities. The rate may vary from state to state. The buyer has to ensure that seller has registered the property in buyers name on the rate levied for the property transferring.

4. Sales deed

Sales deed is an agreement between the buyer and seller. One needs to go through all the requisite documents in detail with professional help If any property has multiple owners, then each owner has to sign on the documents.

(B) To Issue search title Reports

A title search is a process that is performed primarily to determine the answer to three important questions: Does the seller have a saleable interest in the property? What kind of restrictions or allowances pertains to the use of the land (real covenants, easements, or other servitudes)?
Do any liens exist on the property which needs to be paid off at closing (mortgages, back taxes, mechanic’s liens, or other assessments)?

Anyone may do a title search. Documents concerning conveyances of land are a matter of public record. These documents are maintained in hard copy format or sometimes scanned into image files but the information contained within the documents is typically not available in a data format as the records are descriptions of legal events which contain terms, conditions, and languages in excess. It is often the case
that people choose to contact a title company or attorney to conduct an exhaustive title search. The process of performing a title search involves accessing the official land records for the subject property. Each record is a document evidencing an event which occurred in the history of the property. A deed records an event of property transfer, mortgage documents the collateral interest of a home loan, and a lien documents a claim against the property in favor of another. In each recorded event, the document indicates parties of grantor and grantee. The grantor is the party transferring away property rights, and the grantee is receiving property right. In the case of a deed, the grantor would typically be the property seller, and the grantee the buyer. A mortgage grantor is the borrower of the loan since they are giving away property rights to the lender, or grantee.

(C) Property Claims/Suits

Property rights are rights over things enforceable against all other persons. By contrast, contractual rights are rights enforceable against particular persons. Property rights may, however, arise from a contract; the two systems of rights overlap. In relation to the sale of land, for example, two sets of legal relationships exist alongside one another: the contractual right to sue for damages, and the property right exercisable over the land. A minor property rights may be created by contract, as in the case of easements, covenants, and equitable servitudes. A separate distinction is evident where the rights granted are insufficiently substantial to confer on the non-owner a definable interest or right in the thing. The clearest example of these rights is the license. In general, even if licenses are created by a binding contract, they do not give rise to property interests.

For More information please contact us:
Consultants for Housing Co-operative Society in Pune
Ved Legal Associates
Email: [email protected] / [email protected]
Mobile: +91 9763040088

Real Estate Lawyers in Pune

Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

Real Estate Lawyers in Pune

Property Law Cases / Property Transfer includes All moveable or immovable Property Claims/Suits.
The Indian Constitution does not recognize property right as a fundamental right. In the year 1977, the 44th amendment eliminated the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property as a fundamental right. However, in another part of the Constitution, Article 300 (A) was inserted to affirm that no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law. The result is that the right to property as a fundamental right is now substituted as a statutory right. The amendment expanded the power of the state to appropriate property for social welfare purposes. In other words, the amendment bestowed upon the Indian socialist state a license to indulge in what Fredric Bastiat termed legal plunder. This is one of the classic examples when the law has been perverted in order to make plunder look just and sacred to many consciences.

Indian experiences and conception of property and wealth have a very different historical basis when compared to western countries. The fact the present system of property as we know arises out of the peculiar developments in Europe in the 17th to 18thcentury and therefore its experiences were universally not applicable. A still more economic area in which the answer is both difficult and important is the definition of property rights. The notion of property as it has developed over centuries and it has embodied in our legal codes, has become so much a part of us that we tend to take it for granted, and fail to recognize the extent to which just what constitutes property and what rights the ownership of property confers are complex social creations rather than self-evident propositions.

Transfer Of Property

If you want to transfer registered land or property, you must use the correct form depending on whether you are transferring the whole or part of the actual land or property. You will need to send us a completed form TR1 if you wish to transfer: the whole of the land/property a share of the property/land by adding someone to the ownership, for example, on marriage or civil partnership when the current owner(s) is transferring to themselves and their new partner a share of the property by removing someone from ownership, for example, when a relationship breaks down and one or more of the current owner(s) are transferring to the remaining owner(s) a share in the property/land by adding additional owners, for example when E and F want to add G and H to the ownership, so E and F transfer to E,F G and H, a share in a property, for example, when I J and K own the property/land and I no longer wants to be an owner so I, J and K transfer to J and K.

Having an authorized property without any legal issues is very important for a new property investor. With an increasing number of frauds in a land sale, it is quite difficult to sense the trouble at the initial stages. In such cases, one of the most important legal security towards the ownership of the property will be the sale deed. It is mandatory that every investor is aware of the importance and the basis of a sale deed. This will protect him from being cheated by any developers and owners.
Agreements & Contracts

While preparing property agreements you bear in mind some basic points. This not only helps you in ensuring the validity of an agreement but also saves time and avoids unwanted delays from the seller. Here are some tips that help you to ensure the validity of your property.

1. Terms for Payment

The buyer and seller have to agree to the terms of the price and other expenses with regard to the transfer of property. The document must contain the terms and method of payment agreed by both buyer and seller, the time required for payment of the last installment of property. The lawyers of both the buyer and seller must go through the documentation and sign them.

2. Transfer Title of Property

The title of the property is an important document for the sanction of mortgage or loan from the bank. The title of property should be transferred to the buyer’s name once the seller receives the amount agreed with the buyer. Transfer of title of the property is the last step in the transaction before transferring the property. Seller has to register the property in the buyer’s name in local registrar office or under whichever jurisdiction the property belongs to.

3. Stamp Duty

Stamp duty rates are fixed for properties by the authorities. The rate may vary from state to state. The buyer has to ensure that seller has registered the property in buyers name on the rate levied for the property transferring.

4. Sales deed

Sales deed is an agreement between the buyer and seller. One needs to go through all the requisite documents in detail with professional help If any property has multiple owners, then each owner has to sign on the documents.

(B) To Issue search title Reports

A title search is a process that is performed primarily to determine the answer to three important questions: Does the seller have a saleable interest in the property? What kind of restrictions or allowances pertains to the use of the land (real covenants, easements, or other servitudes)?
Do any liens exist on the property which needs to be paid off at closing (mortgages, back taxes, mechanic’s liens, or other assessments)?

Anyone may do a title search. Documents concerning conveyances of land are a matter of public record. These documents are maintained in hard copy format or sometimes scanned into image files but the information contained within the documents is typically not available in a data format as the records are descriptions of legal events which contain terms, conditions, and languages in excess. It is often the case
that people choose to contact a title company or attorney to conduct an exhaustive title search. The process of performing a title search involves accessing the official land records for the subject property. Each record is a document evidencing an event which occurred in the history of the property. A deed records an event of property transfer, mortgage documents the collateral interest of a home loan, and a lien documents a claim against the property in favor of another. In each recorded event, the document indicates parties of grantor and grantee. The grantor is the party transferring away property rights, and the grantee is receiving property right. In the case of a deed, the grantor would typically be the property seller, and the grantee the buyer. A mortgage grantor is the borrower of the loan since they are giving away property rights to the lender, or grantee.

(C) Property Claims/Suits

Property rights are rights over things enforceable against all other persons. By contrast, contractual rights are rights enforceable against particular persons. Property rights may, however, arise from a contract; the two systems of rights overlap. In relation to the sale of land, for example, two sets of legal relationships exist alongside one another: the contractual right to sue for damages, and the property right exercisable over the land. A minor property rights may be created by contract, as in the case of easements, covenants, and equitable servitudes. A separate distinction is evident where the rights granted are insufficiently substantial to confer on the non-owner a definable interest or right in the thing. The clearest example of these rights is the license. In general, even if licenses are created by a binding contract, they do not give rise to property interests.

For More information please contact us:
Consultants for Housing Co-operative Society in Pune
Ved Legal Associates
Email: [email protected] / [email protected]
Mobile: +91 9763040088

Lawyers for matters of Recovery of Maintenance

Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

Lawyers for matters of Recovery of Maintenance under section 101 of M C S Act 1960.

Overdue outstanding of housing society maintenance is an irritant in every society despite 21% interest charge for any delay. Collection of overdue society charges is an extremely important business of housing society. Raising dispute in that behalf is a dispute referable to the Cooperative Court under Section 91 of the M C S Act 1960 to the exclusion of any other court.
With a view to make it easy for cooperative societies to recover amounts due by member’s exceptionally special provision/procedure has been introduced in the legal system of the State by inserting Section 101 in the M C S Act 1960.
Cooperative society engaged in business of buying goods/services for its members, value recoverable from members for such supplies are called debt. A suit for recovery of debts filed after three years is deemed to be a time barred suit. A suit instituted and application made after the prescribed period shall be dismissed, although limitation has not been set up as a defence [Section 3 of the limitation act, 1963] This is known as a suit for recovery of time barred debt. In commercial parlance a debt owed by one person is income of the person to whom it is payable or it could be any amount due under a contract in relation to sale of goods/services properties for agreed value.
In case of housing societies the dues by its members are defined under registered Bye-Laws of every housing society for the sake of simplicity as “the Society Charges” but they have more than one characteristic. A large chunk is the pre-decided contribution to society funds earmarked for meeting various objects of the Society. For example Building Repair fund is meant to ensure that buildings of housing societies the core assets are maintained in good order and in habitable conditions. It is one of the key objects of a housing society.
Another fund is Sinking Fund and is towards meeting cost of structural modification which may be needed several years after the construction of the buildings. Contribution to yet another fund namely Common Amenities Fund is for attaining its main object namely “to provide its members common amenities and services” emanating form the very definition of housing societies pursuant to Clause 16 of Section 2 of the M C S Act 1960 reading as (16) “housing society” means a society, the object of which is to provide its members with open plots for housing, dwelling houses or flats; or if open plots, the dwelling houses or flats are already acquired, to provide its members common amenities and services;
the amount demanded from every members and remaining outstanding are brought within the purview of Section 101 vide amendment to the M C S Act 1960 made by Mah. 20 of 1986, vide its s. 52(a) QUOTE: “by a co-operative housing society for the recovery of arrears of its dues”
Benefit of following completing 101 Procedure
1. The Section 101 procedure is a simpler way of realizing arrears of society dues without instituting the cumbersome court proceedings a compulsion in business which require establishing debt due by a debtor to a creditor in the course of business a profit making activity necessarily.
2. The hallmark of this procedure is the Assistant Registrar/ Deputy Registrar issuing a Recovery Certificate for the amount due, after making a hearing and a summary inquiry on the basis of the affidavits filed by the disputant and the respondent. Obtaining this certificate costs maximum of Rupees one thousand payable as application fees to the State Government.
3. A certificate granted by the Registrar under sub-section (1) or (2) shall be final and a conclusive proof of the arrears stated to be due therein, and the same shall be recoverable according to the law for the time being in force for the recovery of land revenue.
4. After the recovery certificate is issued the ball is in the Court of the state Government;
i.On receipt of the Recovery Certificate, the Recovery Officer shall prepare demand notice for being sent to the Sale-Officer for attaching the movable property of the member concerned.
ii.The Sale Officer, on receipt of recovery paper from the Recovery Officer, shall visit the flat of the member concerned for preparing an inventory of the movable property and handover such list to the member concerned and serve the demand notice on the defaulter member.
iii.If the amount not paid by the member concerned immediately on service of the demand notice, the Sale Officer will seize the movable property.
iv.Thereafter, the Sale Officer will fix the date, time and place for such auction of the movable property seized and auction out the same and pay the sale proceeds thereof to the Society, in satisfaction of the outstanding dues payable by the defaulting member to the society.
Making Application for issuing a recovery certificate
a.Issue a notice for payment of dues (including up to 21% interest) to the defaulter, with a warning therein that on failure to make payment of the same, an application would be made to the Competent Authority under section 101 of MCS Act, 1960.
b.Pass the resolution to recover the dues in the Managing Committee Meeting.
c.Issue a final notice to the defaulter
e.Apply to the Assistant. Registrar/ Deputy Registrar for the recovery of dues.
f.Pay the prescribed fee (Rs 15 to 1000 max) through a challan payable at the Reserve Bank of India.

Lawyers for Sale Deed

Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

There are various ways through which you can transfer a property that you own. It could be by way of sale, Will or gift. A commonly used method, especially when transferring to a family member or friend, is executing a gift deed in favour of the recipient. Though no monetary transaction is involved, it is still necessary to register the gift deed to make the transfer valid.

WHAT IS A GIFT DEED?

Under section 122 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, you can transfer immovable property through a gift deed. Like a sale deed, a gift deed contains details of the property, the transferrer and recipient. But instead of a sale consideration in a sale deed, a gift deed allows you to transfer ownership without any exchange of money. Registering a gift deed with the sub-registrar is mandatory as per section 17 of the Registration Act, 1908, and as per section 123 of the Transfer of Property Act. If you don’t do this, the transfer will be invalid.

Besides that, once a gift deed is registered in the name of the recipient, only then can she apply for mutation of the property. Mutation is necessary to transfer utility connections in the name of the recipient. Also, for the recipient to be able to further transfer the property, a registered gift deed will be required.

WHAT ARE THE CHARGES?

Stamp duty and registration fee has to be paid to register a gift deed. In some states, stamp duty rates for property transfer by way of gift is the same as for sale or conveyance deed.

However, rules vary across states; certain state governments even offer some concession if the property is being gifted to blood relatives. For instance, in Delhi, the stamp duty in case of property transfer by way of sale or gift deed is the same—4% for men and 6% for women. In West Bengal, the stamp duty for sale or conveyance deed is 5% of the property’s market value in panchayat areas, and 6% of market value in municipal areas. In case of a gift deed, the rate is the same if the property is being gifted to a non-family member. If recipient is a family member, then only 0.5% of the market value of the property has to be paid as stamp duty.

THINGS TO REMEMBER
Once a gift deed of an immovable property is executed in favour of any recipient, the donor does not have the right to revoke or cancel the deed at a later stage, unless there is a specific clause mentioned in the deed. Section 126 of the property transfer Act provides for a situation wherein a gift deed may be revoked by the donor. For instance, if the property was gifted so that the recipient can reside in it, upon death of the recipient, the property will get transferred back to the donor if she is alive, else to the heirs of the recipient. Such details, however, need to be specifically mentioned in the gift deed.

Everyone’s dream is to own a property. Obviously you need money to buy a property, but many recent instances of fraud and bogus selling of property is something that is beyond money alone. If there is one important thing that gives legal protection to ownership of your property, it is the sale deed.

What is sale deed?

A sale deed is one of the most valuable legal documents in a purchase or sale of a property. It is governed by the Registration Act and is an important document for both the buyer or the transferee and the seller or the transferor.

The purchase or sale of property is not legally complete until a sale deed is signed between the buyer and the seller. Usually a sale deed is signed only after both the parties are satisfied and comply with the terms and conditions as said in the agreement.

How is it prepared?

To begin with the buyer and the seller agree to prepare a draft sale deed on non-judicial stamp paper. This value of the sale deed will differ from state to state in the country and as prescribed by the Stamp Act of the respective State.

Once the following details in the sale deed is agreed between the two parties the sale deed is ready to be signed. The sale deed would also require to be signed by at least two witnesses with all their details included.

What does it contain?

A sale deed has almost all the details required to carry out the purchase or sale of a property. Beginning with the basic details like the full names of the buyer and the seller, and their addresses, the other details in the draft sale deed would include the details of the property under sale such as its identification number, its exact location, the address, total area of the property, and the detail of the construction if it is a house.

Most importantly the sale deed would require the seller to certify that the property under sale is free from any encumbrance and without any lien.

If there is an existing loan taken against the property the seller should settle the loan and then only execute the sale deed. However, it is always better for the buyer to check this with the local registrar’s office.

Besides these the draft sale deed would also include the total amount to be paid for the purchase/sale of the property, advance amount paid if any, the dates on which the payment are made, how it is paid, the time given for the payments, the details of the bank transactions of the payments, etc.

The sale deed would also mention about the receipt issued by the seller to the buyer for the money received towards the sale transaction.

It would also clearly mention the exact date on which the seller would hand over to the buyer the original property related documents and the date of subsequent possession of the property under sale.

The draft sale deed would also mention the indemnity provisions for the buyer and the seller.

How does it work?

The sale deed is registered at the jurisdictional sub-registrar’s office. Apart from the buyer and seller of the property under sale the witnesses should also be present at the time of registration.

Sometimes if the buyer or seller is not in a position to be physically present his nominated agent empowered with a Power of Attorney is legally allowed to execute the sale deed.

The original documents related to the sale of the property should be produced within four months from the date the sale deed is to be executed. If this is not possible the registrar might allow a grace period of another four months to produce the original documents however this delay might attract a maximum penalty of 10 times the registration charges related to the property.

Usually, the buyer would pay the stamp duty and the registration charges. And the seller on his part should ensure that all payments related to the property such as property tax, cess, water and electricity charges, and others was paid before the sale deed is executed.