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Consultants for property

CO-OPERATIVE LAWYERS IN PUNE

*Ved Legal deals with property transfer cases such as SALE DEED, GIFT DEED, ASSINGMENT DEED, MORTGAGE DEED, and AGREEMENTS etc….since 2007. Ved Legal offers a multitude of services in the areas of Property, Co-operative and Matrimonial law and it is best known for its expertise in these fields. We have vast experience in representing our clients before concern authorities for the matters. We therefore undertake different types of property matters as mentioned above various transfers, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc.

We have enough experience in co-operative laws and property laws as well as we are specifically expertise in execution and registration process of various DEED & AGREEMENTS as well as in Registration process of Co-operative Housing/Commercial/Industrial Societies, Federations and execution of Conveyance or Deemed Conveyance thereof.

*AMENDMENTS IN THE TRANSFER OF PROPERTY ACT 1882.
Execution and registration of sale deed for an immoveable property transfers and conveys absolute title of the property in favour of the buyer. However, in certain cases, when a sale deed for an immoveable property is being executed, the concerned parties incorporate certain conditions in the document that impose restrictions or constraints on the right of the buyer to sell or transfer the property.
The Transfer of Property Act, 1882 deals with such restrictions or constraints. Any condition or limitation restraining the buyer from parting with or disposing of his interest in the property is void according to the act. Two exceptions to this rule are:

■ In the case of a lease where such restriction or condition is imposed for the benefit of the lessor, and
■ Where a property is transferred to or for the benefit of a woman who is not a Hindu, Muslim or Buddhist, with a condition that she shall not have power during her marriage to transfer or create any encumbrance in the sale of property transferred to her

The above mentioned rule has been incorporated into the Act to encourage sale and purchase of property without restriction on future transfer. It is based on the basic principle that transferring a property cannot be separated from giving the beneficial ownership of the property to the transferee/buyer. Therefore, the condition by which an absolute restraint is imposed against the transfer of that property is considered to be void. Selling or transferring the property is an inherent right of every owner and restrictive conditions cannot be imposed on him or her.
One of the examples of absolute restraint can be where A ( owner of a property) agrees to sell it to B (the buyer)for 1 lakh. While executing of the sale deed, A puts a condition in the sale deed that if B ever intends to part with or sell or transfer the house in the future, B must sell the house to A or heirs of A and to no one else. Such a condition would fall in the category of absolute restraint as it affects the beneficial enjoyment of the house by B. Beneficial enjoyment of the house by B includes his right to sell it or dispose it in any other way.
The consistent view of the courts has been that an absolute restraint is void but a partial restraint is not.

For applicability of this rule, two essential conditions are required: ■ There must be a transfer of property and ■ There must be a condition which absolutely restrains the transferee/buyer from alienation/transfer of such property This rule applies to only those conditions which impose an absolute condition on the alienation/ transfer of property. However, there may be certain conditions, which partially restrain the right of the owner of the property to alienate/transfer the property. Such specific conditions which partially restrain the owner from alienating/ transferring the property have been held to be valid by various courts on various occasions.

*PAPERS/DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR PROPERTY REGISTRATION IN PUNE
The following papers and documents are required for the registration of property.

ADJUDICATION
Adjudication is a process which evaluates a market value of a property and hence ascertains the stamp duty by collector of stamps. It is better to get the document adjudicated in case the building is very old and proper depreciation is not given by the sub-registrar.

NO OBJECTION CERTIFICATE
A No Objection Certificate (NOC) is required under the Urban Land Ceiling Act, if the land transferred exceeds 500 mtrs in the Pune City, If the land belongs to a Government Body or Semi-Government body or Charitable Trust then the NOC of the body is also required.

PROPERTY CARD OF THE LAND
A Property Card of the land on which the property is being registered is situated is necessary. This requirement is irrespective of whether land is sold or the building is being sold or any other part of the building is being sold and also irrespective of whether the seller of the property is recorded as the owner on the property card or not. In other words, even the flat owners are expected to produce this paper at the time of registration.

PROOF OF OLD CONSTRUCTION
If you are going to purchase and old property then you may claim the benefit of depreciation during the adjudication procedure. For that, the documents required are
–Municipal Assessment Bill Of The Building,
–Building Completion Certificate
— Original registered agreement between the builder and original purchaser of that flat or of any other flat in that building

REGISTRATION FEES
As per the valuation the registration fee is to be paid in cash to the sub-registrar at the time of registration. The fees are prescribed in the Registration Act, 1908 which is 1% of the market value or up to Rs. 30,000/- which is accepted by a Challan.

PROOF OF IDENTITY
Any proof of identity such as voter id card, PAN card, driving license, passport etc are required during the registration procedure.
Original Stamp Duty Payment Receipt
Photocopy of the Deed and Butter Paper

*TRANSFER OF PROPERTY LAWS….
Land is a subject falling within the powers of the State Governments under the Constitution of India 1 and hence, property laws in India may differ from State to State. Besides the local laws, several laws enacted by the Central Government also govern acquisition and ownership of property (including an interest in property) through purchase/sale, transfer, mortgage, inheritance or gift.
When a person acquires or owns an immovable property, the law also give him/her the right to use, lease, sell, rent or transfer/gift of the land. The owner also has a right to mortgage his immovable property as a security for loans. However, there are some laws which restrict the type of use a land can be put to, e.g., a land may be used only for residential or commercial purposes to prevent haphazard/unorganized growth of cities and towns. Laws in some of the States prevent/restrict outsiders from acquiring property within the State. Restrictions are also placed on non-agriculturists from acquiring agricultural land. There are also other laws which prescribe rules and regulations for protection of environment or which provide for approval of building plans/designs so as to protect people from natural or manmade hazards. Some laws like the Registration Act, 1908, also lay down provisions governing registration of property transactions so as to keep proper records of ownership of property in the public domain.
The Transfer of Property between any two parties is governed by the Transfer of Property Act, 1882. Both these parties need to be alive for transfer under the Act. In case of transfer of a property of a deceased person, Succession Laws as per the religion of the deceased will be applicable.

*PROPERTY LAW CASES / PROPERTY TRANSFER INCLUDES ALL MOVEABLE OR IMMOVABLE PROPERTY CLAIMS/SUITS.
The Indian Constitution does not recognize property right as a fundamental right. In the year 1977, the 44th amendment eliminated the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property as a fundamental right. However, in another part of the Constitution, Article 300 (A) was inserted to affirm that no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law. The result is that the right to property as a fundamental right is now substituted as a statutory right. The amendment expanded the power of the state to appropriate property for social welfare purposes. In other words, the amendment bestowed upon the Indian socialist state a license to indulge in what Fredric Bastiat termed legal plunder. This is one of the classic examples when the law has been perverted in order to make plunder look just and sacred to many consciences.

Indian experiences and conception of property and wealth have a very different historical basis when compared to western countries. The fact the present system of property as we know arises out of the peculiar developments in Europe in the 17th to 18thcentury and therefore its experiences were universally not applicable. A still more economic area in which the answer is both difficult and important is the definition of property rights. The notion of property as it has developed over centuries and it has embodied in our legal codes, has become so much a part of us that we tend to take it for granted, and fail to recognize the extent to which just what constitutes property and what rights the ownership of property confers are complex social creations rather than self-evident propositions.

Transfer of Property
If you want to transfer registered land or property, you must use the correct form depending on whether you are transferring the whole or part of the actual land or property. You will need to send us a completed form TR1 if you wish to transfer: the whole of the land/property a share of the property/land by adding someone to the ownership, for example, on marriage or civil partnership when the current owner(s) is transferring to themselves and their new partner a share of the property by removing someone from ownership, for example, when a relationship breaks down and one or more of the current owner(s) are transferring to the remaining owner(s) a share in the property/land by adding additional owners, for example when E and F want to add G and H to the ownership, so E and F transfer to E,F G and H, a share in a property, for example, when I J and K own the property/land and I no longer wants to be an owner so I, J and K transfer to J and K.

Having an authorized property without any legal issues is very important for a new property investor. With an increasing number of frauds in a land sale, it is quite difficult to sense the trouble at the initial stages. In such cases, one of the most important legal security towards the ownership of the property will be the sale deed. It is mandatory that every investor is aware of the importance and the basis of a sale deed. This will protect him from being cheated by any developers and owners.

While preparing property agreements you bear in mind some basic points. This not only helps you in ensuring the validity of an agreement but also saves time and avoids unwanted delays from the seller. Here are some tips that help you to ensure the validity of your property.
1. Terms for Payment
The buyer and seller have to agree to the terms of the price and other expenses with regard to the transfer of property. The document must contain the terms and method of payment agreed by both buyer and seller, the time required for payment of the last installment of property. The lawyers of both the buyer and seller must go through the documentation and sign them.

2. Transfer Title of Property
The title of the property is an important document for the sanction of mortgage or loan from the bank. The title of property should be transferred to the buyer’s name once the seller receives the amount agreed with the buyer. Transfer of title of the property is the last step in the transaction before transferring the property. Seller has to register the property in the buyer’s name in local registrar office or under whichever jurisdiction the property belongs to.

3. Stamp Duty
Stamp duty rates are fixed for properties by the authorities. The rate may vary from state to state. The buyer has to ensure that seller has registered the property in buyers name on the rate levied for the property transferring.

4. Sales deed
Sales deed is an agreement between the buyer and seller. One needs to go through all the requisite documents in detail with professional help If any property has multiple owners, then each owner has to sign on the documents.

(B) To Issue search title Reports
A title search is a process that is performed primarily to determine the answer to three important questions: Does the seller have a saleable interest in the property? What kind of restrictions or allowances pertains to the use of the land (real covenants, easements, or other servitudes)?
Do any liens exist on the property which needs to be paid off at closing (mortgages, back taxes, mechanic’s liens, or other assessments)?
Anyone may do a title search. Documents concerning conveyances of land are a matter of public record. These documents are maintained in hard copy format or sometimes scanned into image files but the information contained within the documents is typically not available in a data format as the records are descriptions of legal events which contain terms, conditions, and languages in excess. It is often the case
that people choose to contact a title company or attorney to conduct an exhaustive title search. The process of performing a title search involves accessing the official land records for the subject property. Each record is a document evidencing an event which occurred in the history of the property. A deed records an event of property transfer, mortgage documents the collateral interest of a home loan, and a lien documents a claim against the property in favor of another. In each recorded event, the document indicates parties of grantor and grantee. The grantor is the party transferring away property rights, and the grantee is receiving property right. In the case of a deed, the grantor would typically be the property seller, and the grantee the buyer. A mortgage grantor is the borrower of the loan since they are giving away property rights to the lender, or grantee.

(C) Property Claims/Suits
Property rights are rights over things enforceable against all other persons. By contrast, contractual rights are rights enforceable against particular persons. Property rights may, however, arise from a contract; the two systems of rights overlap. In relation to the sale of land, for example, two sets of legal relationships exist alongside one another: the contractual right to sue for damages, and the property right exercisable over the land. A minor property rights may be created by contract, as in the case of easements, covenants, and equitable servitudes. A separate distinction is evident where the rights granted are insufficiently substantial to confer on the non-owner a definable interest or right in the thing. The clearest example of these rights is the license. In general, even if licenses are created by a binding contract, they do not give rise to property interests.

*SALE OF IMMOVABLE PROPERTY
Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

There are various ways through which you can transfer a property that you own. It could be by way of sale, Will or gift. A commonly used method, especially when transferring to a family member or friend, is executing a gift deed in favour of the recipient. Though no monetary transaction is involved, it is still necessary to register the gift deed to make the transfer valid.
1) At time of Sale of Immovable Property, we come across the market value of the property. What exactly is the meaning of market value of property?
It means the price which such property would have fetched if sold in open market on the date of execution of such Document or the consideration stated in the document whichever is higher. However the Stamp office uses Ready Reckoner for referring to prevalent value of the property.
Stamp Duty is paid on the Market Value of the property and not on the amount of consideration stated in the Document.
2) Why Stamp duty is required to be paid?

It is kind of Tax like Sales Tax or Income Tax. And it must be paid in full and on time to the government. When there is a delay in payment, penalties are imposed. If it is properly paid as per the approved rate and after ascertainment of market value of the property, then the instrument / document/ agreement is treated as duly stamped document which can be admitted as evidence in any lawful transaction or in the court. if they are not properly stamped, Court or the Competent Authority may impound the same or will not be accepted as evidence.

*TRANSFER OF PROPERTY ACT IN INDIA
The Transfer of Property Act governs the transfer of property by any means in India. Property can be transferred by sale, mortgage, exchange, lease or gift. All such property transactions are governed by the Transfer of Property Act.
As per the Act, a sale is transfer of ownership of property in exchange for a price paid or promised to be paid. Any sale of property must be made only by a written and registered instrument like sale deed. On execution of a property transfer document, delivery of the immovable property takes place when the seller places the buyer, in possession of the property to complete the property sale transaction.
It is important to note that an agreement for sale of property does not amount to sale of property, as it does not, of itself, create any interest in or charge on the property.

Mortgage of Property
Mortgage is the transfer of an interest in an immovable property for the purpose of securing a loan or the performance of an engagement. Hence, though mortgage does not transfer the property to a third-party, it creates an interest in the immovable property. More about property mortgage laws in India.

Lease of Property
Lease of property is a transfer of right to enjoy the property, for a certain period of time or in perpetuity, for consideration paid or promised by the transferee. In a lease transaction, the owner of the property is the transferor and the tenant is the transferee. In the absence of a lease agreement, the lease of agricultural or manufacturing property is deemed to be a lease from year to year, terminable by either party with a six months notice. Lease of immovable property for any other purpose is deemed to be a lease from month to month, terminable by either party with fifteen days notice. Lease of property for any term exceeding one year or reserving a yearly rent must be made as a registered lease agreement. All lease agreements must be executed by both the lessor and the lessee.

Exchange of Property
When two persons agree transfer the ownership of a property for the ownership of another property, neither thing nor both things being money only, then the transaction is called an “exchange” of property. A transfer of property in completion of an exchange can be made only in a way provided for the transfer of such property by sale.

Gift of Property
Gift of property is when a transfer or property happens voluntarily and without consideration. In a gift of property, the person giving the property is called the donor and the person accepting the property is called the donee. All gift of property must be made by way of registered instrument signed by or on behalf of the donor and attested by at least two witnesses. The acceptance of a gift of property must be made during the lifetime of the donor and while he is still capable of giving.

By |November 4th, 2017|consultants for property|0 Comments

Consultants for property

CO-OPERATIVE LAWYERS IN PUNE

*Ved Legal deals with property transfer cases such as SALE DEED, GIFT DEED, ASSINGMENT DEED, MORTGAGE DEED, and AGREEMENTS etc….since 2007. Ved Legal offers a multitude of services in the areas of Property, Co-operative and Matrimonial law and it is best known for its expertise in these fields. We have vast experience in representing our clients before concern authorities for the matters. We therefore undertake different types of property matters as mentioned above various transfers, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc.
We have enough experience in co-operative laws and property laws as well as we are specifically expertise in execution and registration process of various DEED & AGREEMENTS as well as in Registration process of Co-operative Housing/Commercial/Industrial Societies, Federations and execution of Conveyance or Deemed Conveyance thereof.

*AMENDMENTS IN THE TRANSFER OF PROPERTY ACT 1882.
Execution and registration of sale deed for an immoveable property transfers and conveys absolute title of the property in favour of the buyer. However, in certain cases, when a sale deed for an immoveable property is being executed, the concerned parties incorporate certain conditions in the document that impose restrictions or constraints on the right of the buyer to sell or transfer the property.
The Transfer of Property Act, 1882 deals with such restrictions or constraints. Any condition or limitation restraining the buyer from parting with or disposing of his interest in the property is void according to the act. Two exceptions to this rule are:

■ In the case of a lease where such restriction or condition is imposed for the benefit of the lessor, and
■ Where a property is transferred to or for the benefit of a woman who is not a Hindu, Muslim or Buddhist, with a condition that she shall not have power during her marriage to transfer or create any encumbrance in the sale of property transferred to her

The above mentioned rule has been incorporated into the Act to encourage sale and purchase of property without restriction on future transfer. It is based on the basic principle that transferring a property cannot be separated from giving the beneficial ownership of the property to the transferee/buyer. Therefore, the condition by which an absolute restraint is imposed against the transfer of that property is considered to be void. Selling or transferring the property is an inherent right of every owner and restrictive conditions cannot be imposed on him or her.
One of the examples of absolute restraint can be where A ( owner of a property) agrees to sell it to B (the buyer)for 1 lakh. While executing of the sale deed, A puts a condition in the sale deed that if B ever intends to part with or sell or transfer the house in the future, B must sell the house to A or heirs of A and to no one else. Such a condition would fall in the category of absolute restraint as it affects the beneficial enjoyment of the house by B. Beneficial enjoyment of the house by B includes his right to sell it or dispose it in any other way.

The consistent view of the courts has been that an absolute restraint is void but a partial restraint is not.
For applicability of this rule, two essential conditions are required: ■ There must be a transfer of property and ■ There must be a condition which absolutely restrains the transferee/buyer from alienation/transfer of such property This rule applies to only those conditions which impose an absolute condition on the alienation/ transfer of property. However, there may be certain conditions, which partially restrain the right of the owner of the property to alienate/transfer the property. Such specific conditions which partially restrain the owner from alienating/ transferring the property have been held to be valid by various courts on various occasions.

*PAPERS/DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR PROPERTY REGISTRATION IN PUNE
The following papers and documents are required for the registration of property.

ADJUDICATION
Adjudication is a process which evaluates a market value of a property and hence ascertains the stamp duty by collector of stamps. It is better to get the document adjudicated in case the building is very old and proper depreciation is not given by the sub-registrar.

NO OBJECTION CERTIFICATE
A No Objection Certificate (NOC) is required under the Urban Land Ceiling Act, if the land transferred exceeds 500 mtrs in the Pune City, If the land belongs to a Government Body or Semi-Government body or Charitable Trust then the NOC of the body is also required.

PROPERTY CARD OF THE LAND
A Property Card of the land on which the property is being registered is situated is necessary. This requirement is irrespective of whether land is sold or the building is being sold or any other part of the building is being sold and also irrespective of whether the seller of the property is recorded as the owner on the property card or not. In other words, even the flat owners are expected to produce this paper at the time of registration.

PROOF OF OLD CONSTRUCTION
If you are going to purchase and old property then you may claim the benefit of depreciation during the adjudication procedure. For that, the documents required are
–Municipal Assessment Bill Of The Building,
–Building Completion Certificate
— Original registered agreement between the builder and original purchaser of that flat or of any other flat in that building
REGISTRATION FEES
As per the valuation the registration fee is to be paid in cash to the sub-registrar at the time of registration. The fees are prescribed in the Registration Act, 1908 which is 1% of the market value or up to Rs. 30,000/- which is accepted by a Challan.
PROOF OF IDENTITY
Any proof of identity such as voter id card, PAN card, driving license, passport etc are required during the registration procedure.
Original Stamp Duty Payment Receipt
Photocopy of the Deed and Butter Paper

*TRANSFER OF PROPERTY LAWS….
Land is a subject falling within the powers of the State Governments under the Constitution of India 1 and hence, property laws in India may differ from State to State. Besides the local laws, several laws enacted by the Central Government also govern acquisition and ownership of property (including an interest in property) through purchase/sale, transfer, mortgage, inheritance or gift.
When a person acquires or owns an immovable property, the law also give him/her the right to use, lease, sell, rent or transfer/gift of the land. The owner also has a right to mortgage his immovable property as a security for loans. However, there are some laws which restrict the type of use a land can be put to, e.g., a land may be used only for residential or commercial purposes to prevent haphazard/unorganized growth of cities and towns. Laws in some of the States prevent/restrict outsiders from acquiring property within the State. Restrictions are also placed on non-agriculturists from acquiring agricultural land. There are also other laws which prescribe rules and regulations for protection of environment or which provide for approval of building plans/designs so as to protect people from natural or manmade hazards. Some laws like the Registration Act, 1908, also lay down provisions governing registration of property transactions so as to keep proper records of ownership of property in the public domain.
The Transfer of Property between any two parties is governed by the Transfer of Property Act, 1882. Both these parties need to be alive for transfer under the Act. In case of transfer of a property of a deceased person, Succession Laws as per the religion of the deceased will be applicable.

*PROPERTY LAW CASES / PROPERTY TRANSFER INCLUDES ALL MOVEABLE OR IMMOVABLE PROPERTY CLAIMS/SUITS.
The Indian Constitution does not recognize property right as a fundamental right. In the year 1977, the 44th amendment eliminated the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property as a fundamental right. However, in another part of the Constitution, Article 300 (A) was inserted to affirm that no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law. The result is that the right to property as a fundamental right is now substituted as a statutory right. The amendment expanded the power of the state to appropriate property for social welfare purposes. In other words, the amendment bestowed upon the Indian socialist state a license to indulge in what Fredric Bastiat termed legal plunder. This is one of the classic examples when the law has been perverted in order to make plunder look just and sacred to many consciences.

Indian experiences and conception of property and wealth have a very different historical basis when compared to western countries. The fact the present system of property as we know arises out of the peculiar developments in Europe in the 17th to 18thcentury and therefore its experiences were universally not applicable. A still more economic area in which the answer is both difficult and important is the definition of property rights. The notion of property as it has developed over centuries and it has embodied in our legal codes, has become so much a part of us that we tend to take it for granted, and fail to recognize the extent to which just what constitutes property and what rights the ownership of property confers are complex social creations rather than self-evident propositions.

Transfer of Property
If you want to transfer registered land or property, you must use the correct form depending on whether you are transferring the whole or part of the actual land or property. You will need to send us a completed form TR1 if you wish to transfer: the whole of the land/property a share of the property/land by adding someone to the ownership, for example, on marriage or civil partnership when the current owner(s) is transferring to themselves and their new partner a share of the property by removing someone from ownership, for example, when a relationship breaks down and one or more of the current owner(s) are transferring to the remaining owner(s) a share in the property/land by adding additional owners, for example when E and F want to add G and H to the ownership, so E and F transfer to E,F G and H, a share in a property, for example, when I J and K own the property/land and I no longer wants to be an owner so I, J and K transfer to J and K.
Having an authorized property without any legal issues is very important for a new property investor. With an increasing number of frauds in a land sale, it is quite difficult to sense the trouble at the initial stages. In such cases, one of the most important legal security towards the ownership of the property will be the sale deed. It is mandatory that every investor is aware of the importance and the basis of a sale deed. This will protect him from being cheated by any developers and owners.
While preparing property agreements you bear in mind some basic points. This not only helps you in ensuring the validity of an agreement but also saves time and avoids unwanted delays from the seller. Here are some tips that help you to ensure the validity of your property.

1. Terms for Payment
The buyer and seller have to agree to the terms of the price and other expenses with regard to the transfer of property. The document must contain the terms and method of payment agreed by both buyer and seller, the time required for payment of the last installment of property. The lawyers of both the buyer and seller must go through the documentation and sign them.

2. Transfer Title of Property
The title of the property is an important document for the sanction of mortgage or loan from the bank. The title of property should be transferred to the buyer’s name once the seller receives the amount agreed with the buyer. Transfer of title of the property is the last step in the transaction before transferring the property. Seller has to register the property in the buyer’s name in local registrar office or under whichever jurisdiction the property belongs to.

3. Stamp Duty
Stamp duty rates are fixed for properties by the authorities. The rate may vary from state to state. The buyer has to ensure that seller has registered the property in buyers name on the rate levied for the property transferring.

4. Sales deed
Sales deed is an agreement between the buyer and seller. One needs to go through all the requisite documents in detail with professional help If any property has multiple owners, then each owner has to sign on the documents.

(B) To Issue search title Reports
A title search is a process that is performed primarily to determine the answer to three important questions: Does the seller have a saleable interest in the property? What kind of restrictions or allowances pertains to the use of the land (real covenants, easements, or other servitudes)?
Do any liens exist on the property which needs to be paid off at closing (mortgages, back taxes, mechanic’s liens, or other assessments)?
Anyone may do a title search. Documents concerning conveyances of land are a matter of public record. These documents are maintained in hard copy format or sometimes scanned into image files but the information contained within the documents is typically not available in a data format as the records are descriptions of legal events which contain terms, conditions, and languages in excess. It is often the case
that people choose to contact a title company or attorney to conduct an exhaustive title search. The process of performing a title search involves accessing the official land records for the subject property. Each record is a document evidencing an event which occurred in the history of the property. A deed records an event of property transfer, mortgage documents the collateral interest of a home loan, and a lien documents a claim against the property in favor of another. In each recorded event, the document indicates parties of grantor and grantee. The grantor is the party transferring away property rights, and the grantee is receiving property right. In the case of a deed, the grantor would typically be the property seller, and the grantee the buyer. A mortgage grantor is the borrower of the loan since they are giving away property rights to the lender, or grantee.

(C) Property Claims/Suits
Property rights are rights over things enforceable against all other persons. By contrast, contractual rights are rights enforceable against particular persons. Property rights may, however, arise from a contract; the two systems of rights overlap. In relation to the sale of land, for example, two sets of legal relationships exist alongside one another: the contractual right to sue for damages, and the property right exercisable over the land. A minor property rights may be created by contract, as in the case of easements, covenants, and equitable servitudes. A separate distinction is evident where the rights granted are insufficiently substantial to confer on the non-owner a definable interest or right in the thing. The clearest example of these rights is the license. In general, even if licenses are created by a binding contract, they do not give rise to property interests.

*SALE OF IMMOVABLE PROPERTY
Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

There are various ways through which you can transfer a property that you own. It could be by way of sale, Will or gift. A commonly used method, especially when transferring to a family member or friend, is executing a gift deed in favour of the recipient. Though no monetary transaction is involved, it is still necessary to register the gift deed to make the transfer valid.

1) At time of Sale of Immovable Property, we come across the market value of the property. What exactly is the meaning of market value of property?
It means the price which such property would have fetched if sold in open market on the date of execution of such Document or the consideration stated in the document whichever is higher. However the Stamp office uses Ready Reckoner for referring to prevalent value of the property.
Stamp Duty is paid on the Market Value of the property and not on the amount of consideration stated in the Document.

2) Why Stamp duty is required to be paid?
It is kind of Tax like Sales Tax or Income Tax. And it must be paid in full and on time to the government. When there is a delay in payment, penalties are imposed. If it is properly paid as per the approved rate and after ascertainment of market value of the property, then the instrument / document/ agreement is treated as duly stamped document which can be admitted as evidence in any lawful transaction or in the court. if they are not properly stamped, Court or the Competent Authority may impound the same or will not be accepted as evidence.

*TRANSFER OF PROPERTY ACT IN INDIA
The Transfer of Property Act governs the transfer of property by any means in India. Property can be transferred by sale, mortgage, exchange, lease or gift. All such property transactions are governed by the Transfer of Property Act.
As per the Act, a sale is transfer of ownership of property in exchange for a price paid or promised to be paid. Any sale of property must be made only by a written and registered instrument like sale deed. On execution of a property transfer document, delivery of the immovable property takes place when the seller places the buyer, in possession of the property to complete the property sale transaction.
It is important to note that an agreement for sale of property does not amount to sale of property, as it does not, of itself, create any interest in or charge on the property.
Mortgage of Property
Mortgage is the transfer of an interest in an immovable property for the purpose of securing a loan or the performance of an engagement. Hence, though mortgage does not transfer the property to a third-party, it creates an interest in the immovable property. More about property mortgage laws in India.
Lease of Property
Lease of property is a transfer of right to enjoy the property, for a certain period of time or in perpetuity, for consideration paid or promised by the transferee. In a lease transaction, the owner of the property is the transferor and the tenant is the transferee. In the absence of a lease agreement, the lease of agricultural or manufacturing property is deemed to be a lease from year to year, terminable by either party with a six months notice. Lease of immovable property for any other purpose is deemed to be a lease from month to month, terminable by either party with fifteen days notice. Lease of property for any term exceeding one year or reserving a yearly rent must be made as a registered lease agreement. All lease agreements must be executed by both the lessor and the lessee.
Exchange of Property
When two persons agree transfer the ownership of a property for the ownership of another property, neither thing nor both things being money only, then the transaction is called an “exchange” of property. A transfer of property in completion of an exchange can be made only in a way provided for the transfer of such property by sale.
Gift of Property
Gift of property is when a transfer or property happens voluntarily and without consideration. In a gift of property, the person giving the property is called the donor and the person accepting the property is called the donee. All gift of property must be made by way of registered instrument signed by or on behalf of the donor and attested by at least two witnesses. The acceptance of a gift of property must be made during the lifetime of the donor and while he is still capable of giving.

By |October 25th, 2017|consultants for property|0 Comments

Consultants for property

CO-OPERATIVE LAWYERS IN PUNE

*Ved Legal deals with property transfer cases such as SALE DEED, GIFT DEED, ASSINGMENT DEED, MORTGAGE DEED, and AGREEMENTS etc….since 2007. Ved Legal offers a multitude of services in the areas of Property, Co-operative and Matrimonial law and it is best known for its expertise in these fields. We have vast experience in representing our clients before concern authorities for the matters. We therefore undertake different types of property matters as mentioned above various transfers, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc.

We have enough experience in co-operative laws and property laws as well as we are specifically expertise in execution and registration process of various DEED & AGREEMENTS as well as in Registration process of Co-operative Housing/Commercial/Industrial Societies, Federations and execution of Conveyance or Deemed Conveyance thereof.

*AMENDMENTS IN THE TRANSFER OF PROPERTY ACT 1882.
Execution and registration of sale deed for an immoveable property transfers and conveys absolute title of the property in favour of the buyer. However, in certain cases, when a sale deed for an immoveable property is being executed, the concerned parties incorporate certain conditions in the document that impose restrictions or constraints on the right of the buyer to sell or transfer the property.
The Transfer of Property Act, 1882 deals with such restrictions or constraints. Any condition or limitation restraining the buyer from parting with or disposing of his interest in the property is void according to the act. Two exceptions to this rule are:

■ In the case of a lease where such restriction or condition is imposed for the benefit of the lessor, and
■ Where a property is transferred to or for the benefit of a woman who is not a Hindu, Muslim or Buddhist, with a condition that she shall not have power during her marriage to transfer or create any encumbrance in the sale of property transferred to her

The above mentioned rule has been incorporated into the Act to encourage sale and purchase of property without restriction on future transfer. It is based on the basic principle that transferring a property cannot be separated from giving the beneficial ownership of the property to the transferee/buyer. Therefore, the condition by which an absolute restraint is imposed against the transfer of that property is considered to be void. Selling or transferring the property is an inherent right of every owner and restrictive conditions cannot be imposed on him or her.
One of the examples of absolute restraint can be where A ( owner of a property) agrees to sell it to B (the buyer)for 1 lakh. While executing of the sale deed, A puts a condition in the sale deed that if B ever intends to part with or sell or transfer the house in the future, B must sell the house to A or heirs of A and to no one else. Such a condition would fall in the category of absolute restraint as it affects the beneficial enjoyment of the house by B. Beneficial enjoyment of the house by B includes his right to sell it or dispose it in any other way.
The consistent view of the courts has been that an absolute restraint is void but a partial restraint is not.

For applicability of this rule, two essential conditions are required: ■ There must be a transfer of property and ■ There must be a condition which absolutely restrains the transferee/buyer from alienation/transfer of such property This rule applies to only those conditions which impose an absolute condition on the alienation/ transfer of property. However, there may be certain conditions, which partially restrain the right of the owner of the property to alienate/transfer the property. Such specific conditions which partially restrain the owner from alienating/ transferring the property have been held to be valid by various courts on various occasions.

*PAPERS/DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR PROPERTY REGISTRATION IN PUNE
The following papers and documents are required for the registration of property.

ADJUDICATION
Adjudication is a process which evaluates a market value of a property and hence ascertains the stamp duty by collector of stamps. It is better to get the document adjudicated in case the building is very old and proper depreciation is not given by the sub-registrar.

NO OBJECTION CERTIFICATE
A No Objection Certificate (NOC) is required under the Urban Land Ceiling Act, if the land transferred exceeds 500 mtrs in the Pune City, If the land belongs to a Government Body or Semi-Government body or Charitable Trust then the NOC of the body is also required.

PROPERTY CARD OF THE LAND
A Property Card of the land on which the property is being registered is situated is necessary. This requirement is irrespective of whether land is sold or the building is being sold or any other part of the building is being sold and also irrespective of whether the seller of the property is recorded as the owner on the property card or not. In other words, even the flat owners are expected to produce this paper at the time of registration.

PROOF OF OLD CONSTRUCTION
If you are going to purchase and old property then you may claim the benefit of depreciation during the adjudication procedure. For that, the documents required are
–Municipal Assessment Bill Of The Building,
–Building Completion Certificate
— Original registered agreement between the builder and original purchaser of that flat or of any other flat in that building

REGISTRATION FEES
As per the valuation the registration fee is to be paid in cash to the sub-registrar at the time of registration. The fees are prescribed in the Registration Act, 1908 which is 1% of the market value or up to Rs. 30,000/- which is accepted by a Challan.

PROOF OF IDENTITY
Any proof of identity such as voter id card, PAN card, driving license, passport etc are required during the registration procedure.
Original Stamp Duty Payment Receipt
Photocopy of the Deed and Butter Paper

*TRANSFER OF PROPERTY LAWS….
Land is a subject falling within the powers of the State Governments under the Constitution of India 1 and hence, property laws in India may differ from State to State. Besides the local laws, several laws enacted by the Central Government also govern acquisition and ownership of property (including an interest in property) through purchase/sale, transfer, mortgage, inheritance or gift.

When a person acquires or owns an immovable property, the law also give him/her the right to use, lease, sell, rent or transfer/gift of the land. The owner also has a right to mortgage his immovable property as a security for loans. However, there are some laws which restrict the type of use a land can be put to, e.g., a land may be used only for residential or commercial purposes to prevent haphazard/unorganized growth of cities and towns. Laws in some of the States prevent/restrict outsiders from acquiring property within the State. Restrictions are also placed on non-agriculturists from acquiring agricultural land. There are also other laws which prescribe rules and regulations for protection of environment or which provide for approval of building plans/designs so as to protect people from natural or manmade hazards. Some laws like the Registration Act, 1908, also lay down provisions governing registration of property transactions so as to keep proper records of ownership of property in the public domain.

The Transfer of Property between any two parties is governed by the Transfer of Property Act, 1882. Both these parties need to be alive for transfer under the Act. In case of transfer of a property of a deceased person, Succession Laws as per the religion of the deceased will be applicable.

*PROPERTY LAW CASES / PROPERTY TRANSFER INCLUDES ALL MOVEABLE OR IMMOVABLE PROPERTY CLAIMS/SUITS.
The Indian Constitution does not recognize property right as a fundamental right. In the year 1977, the 44th amendment eliminated the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property as a fundamental right. However, in another part of the Constitution, Article 300 (A) was inserted to affirm that no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law. The result is that the right to property as a fundamental right is now substituted as a statutory right. The amendment expanded the power of the state to appropriate property for social welfare purposes. In other words, the amendment bestowed upon the Indian socialist state a license to indulge in what Fredric Bastiat termed legal plunder. This is one of the classic examples when the law has been perverted in order to make plunder look just and sacred to many consciences.

Indian experiences and conception of property and wealth have a very different historical basis when compared to western countries. The fact the present system of property as we know arises out of the peculiar developments in Europe in the 17th to 18thcentury and therefore its experiences were universally not applicable. A still more economic area in which the answer is both difficult and important is the definition of property rights. The notion of property as it has developed over centuries and it has embodied in our legal codes, has become so much a part of us that we tend to take it for granted, and fail to recognize the extent to which just what constitutes property and what rights the ownership of property confers are complex social creations rather than self-evident propositions.
Transfer of Property

If you want to transfer registered land or property, you must use the correct form depending on whether you are transferring the whole or part of the actual land or property. You will need to send us a completed form TR1 if you wish to transfer: the whole of the land/property a share of the property/land by adding someone to the ownership, for example, on marriage or civil partnership when the current owner(s) is transferring to themselves and their new partner a share of the property by removing someone from ownership, for example, when a relationship breaks down and one or more of the current owner(s) are transferring to the remaining owner(s) a share in the property/land by adding additional owners, for example when E and F want to add G and H to the ownership, so E and F transfer to E,F G and H, a share in a property, for example, when I J and K own the property/land and I no longer wants to be an owner so I, J and K transfer to J and K.
Having an authorized property without any legal issues is very important for a new property investor. With an increasing number of frauds in a land sale, it is quite difficult to sense the trouble at the initial stages. In such cases, one of the most important legal security towards the ownership of the property will be the sale deed. It is mandatory that every investor is aware of the importance and the basis of a sale deed. This will protect him from being cheated by any developers and owners.

While preparing property agreements you bear in mind some basic points. This not only helps you in ensuring the validity of an agreement but also saves time and avoids unwanted delays from the seller. Here are some tips that help you to ensure the validity of your property.

1. Terms for Payment
The buyer and seller have to agree to the terms of the price and other expenses with regard to the transfer of property. The document must contain the terms and method of payment agreed by both buyer and seller, the time required for payment of the last installment of property. The lawyers of both the buyer and seller must go through the documentation and sign them.

2. Transfer Title of Property
The title of the property is an important document for the sanction of mortgage or loan from the bank. The title of property should be transferred to the buyer’s name once the seller receives the amount agreed with the buyer. Transfer of title of the property is the last step in the transaction before transferring the property. Seller has to register the property in the buyer’s name in local registrar office or under whichever jurisdiction the property belongs to.

3. Stamp Duty
Stamp duty rates are fixed for properties by the authorities. The rate may vary from state to state. The buyer has to ensure that seller has registered the property in buyers name on the rate levied for the property transferring.

4. Sales deed
Sales deed is an agreement between the buyer and seller. One needs to go through all the requisite documents in detail with professional help If any property has multiple owners, then each owner has to sign on the documents.

(B) To Issue search title Reports
A title search is a process that is performed primarily to determine the answer to three important questions: Does the seller have a saleable interest in the property? What kind of restrictions or allowances pertains to the use of the land (real covenants, easements, or other servitudes)?
Do any liens exist on the property which needs to be paid off at closing (mortgages, back taxes, mechanic’s liens, or other assessments)?
Anyone may do a title search. Documents concerning conveyances of land are a matter of public record. These documents are maintained in hard copy format or sometimes scanned into image files but the information contained within the documents is typically not available in a data format as the records are descriptions of legal events which contain terms, conditions, and languages in excess. It is often the case
that people choose to contact a title company or attorney to conduct an exhaustive title search. The process of performing a title search involves accessing the official land records for the subject property. Each record is a document evidencing an event which occurred in the history of the property. A deed records an event of property transfer, mortgage documents the collateral interest of a home loan, and a lien documents a claim against the property in favor of another. In each recorded event, the document indicates parties of grantor and grantee. The grantor is the party transferring away property rights, and the grantee is receiving property right. In the case of a deed, the grantor would typically be the property seller, and the grantee the buyer. A mortgage grantor is the borrower of the loan since they are giving away property rights to the lender, or grantee.

(C) Property Claims/Suits
Property rights are rights over things enforceable against all other persons. By contrast, contractual rights are rights enforceable against particular persons. Property rights may, however, arise from a contract; the two systems of rights overlap. In relation to the sale of land, for example, two sets of legal relationships exist alongside one another: the contractual right to sue for damages, and the property right exercisable over the land. A minor property rights may be created by contract, as in the case of easements, covenants, and equitable servitudes. A separate distinction is evident where the rights granted are insufficiently substantial to confer on the non-owner a definable interest or right in the thing. The clearest example of these rights is the license. In general, even if licenses are created by a binding contract, they do not give rise to property interests.

*SALE OF IMMOVABLE PROPERTY
Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

There are various ways through which you can transfer a property that you own. It could be by way of sale, Will or gift. A commonly used method, especially when transferring to a family member or friend, is executing a gift deed in favour of the recipient. Though no monetary transaction is involved, it is still necessary to register the gift deed to make the transfer valid.

1) At time of Sale of Immovable Property, we come across the market value of the property. What exactly is the meaning of market value of property?
It means the price which such property would have fetched if sold in open market on the date of execution of such Document or the consideration stated in the document whichever is higher. However the Stamp office uses Ready Reckoner for referring to prevalent value of the property.
Stamp Duty is Paid on the Market Value of the property and not on the amount of consideration stated in the Document.

2) Why Stamp duty is required to be paid?
It is kind of Tax like Sales Tax or Income Tax . And it must be paid in full and on time to the government. When there is a delay in payment, penalties are imposed. If it is properly paid as per the approved rate and after ascertainment of market value of the property, then the instrument / document/ agreement is treated as duly stamped document which can be admitted as evidence in any lawful transaction or in the court. if they are not properly stamped, Court or the Competent Authority may impound the same or will not be accepted as evidence.

*TRANSFER OF PROPERTY ACT IN INDIA
The Transfer of Property Act governs the transfer of property by any means in India. Property can be transferred by sale, mortgage, exchange, lease or gift. All such property transactions are governed by the Transfer of Property Act.
As per the Act, a sale is transfer of ownership of property in exchange for a price paid or promised to be paid. Any sale of property must be made only by a written and registered instrument like sale deed. On execution of a property transfer document, delivery of the immovable property takes place when the seller places the buyer, in possession of the property to complete the property sale transaction.
It is important to note that an agreement for sale of property does not amount to sale of property, as it does not, of itself, create any interest in or charge on the property.

Mortgage of Property
Mortgage is the transfer of an interest in an immovable property for the purpose of securing a loan or the performance of an engagement. Hence, though mortgage does not transfer the property to a third-party, it creates an interest in the immovable property. More about property mortgage laws in India.

Lease of Property
Lease of property is a transfer of right to enjoy the property, for a certain period of time or in perpetuity, for consideration paid or promised by the transferee. In a lease transaction, the owner of the property is the transferor and the tenant is the transferee. In the absence of a lease agreement, the lease of agricultural or manufacturing property is deemed to be a lease from year to year, terminable by either party with a six months notice. Lease of immovable property for any other purpose is deemed to be a lease from month to month, terminable by either party with fifteen days notice. Lease of property for any term exceeding one year or reserving a yearly rent must be made as a registered lease agreement. All lease agreements must be executed by both the lessor and the lessee.

Exchange of Property
When two persons agree transfer the ownership of a property for the ownership of another property, neither thing nor both things being money only, then the transaction is called an “exchange” of property. A transfer of property in completion of an exchange can be made only in a way provided for the transfer of such property by sale.

Gift of Property
Gift of property is when a transfer or property happens voluntarily and without consideration. In a gift of property, the person giving the property is called the donor and the person accepting the property is called the donee. All gift of property must be made by way of registered instrument signed by or on behalf of the donor and attested by at least two witnesses. The acceptance of a gift of property must be made during the lifetime of the donor and while he is still capable of giving.

By |October 24th, 2017|consultants for property|0 Comments

Best property Advocates in Pune

Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

There are various ways through which you can transfer a property that you own. It could be by way of sale, Will or gift. A commonly used method, especially when transferring to a family member or friend, is executing a gift deed in favour of the recipient. Though no monetary transaction is involved, it is still necessary to register the gift deed to make the transfer valid.

Best property Advocates in Pune

Property Law Cases / Property Transfer includes All movable or immovable Property Claims/Suits.
The Indian Constitution does not recognize property right as a fundamental right. In the year 1977, the 44th amendment eliminated the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property as a fundamental right. However, in another part of the Constitution, Article 300 (A) was inserted to affirm that no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law. The result is that the right to property as a fundamental right is now substituted as a statutory right. The amendment expanded the power of the state to appropriate property for social welfare purposes. In other words, the amendment bestowed upon the Indian socialist state a license to indulge in what Fredric Bastiat termed legal plunder. This is one of the classic examples when the law has been perverted in order to make plunder look just and sacred to many consciences.

Indian experiences and conception of property and wealth have a very different historical basis when compared to western countries. The fact the present system of property as we know arises out of the peculiar developments in Europe in the 17th to 18thcentury and therefore its experiences were universally not applicable. A still more economic area in which the answer is both difficult and important is the definition of property rights. The notion of property as it has developed over centuries and it has embodied in our legal codes, has become so much a part of us that we tend to take it for granted, and fail to recognize the extent to which just what constitutes property and what rights the ownership of property confers are complex social creations rather than self-evident propositions.

Transfer Of Property

If you want to transfer registered land or property, you must use the correct form depending on whether you are transferring the whole or part of the actual land or property. You will need to send us a completed form TR1 if you wish to transfer: the whole of the land/property a share of the property/land by adding someone to the ownership, for example, on marriage or civil partnership when the current owner(s) is transferring to themselves and their new partner a share of the property by removing someone from ownership, for example, when a relationship breaks down and one or more of the current owner(s) are transferring to the remaining owner(s) a share in the property/land by adding additional owners, for example when E and F want to add G and H to the ownership, so E and F transfer to E,F G and H, a share in a property, for example, when I J and K own the property/land and I no longer wants to be an owner so I, J and K transfer to J and K.

Having an authorized property without any legal issues is very important for a new property investor. With an increasing number of frauds in a land sale, it is quite difficult to sense the trouble at the initial stages. In such cases, one of the most important legal security towards the ownership of the property will be the sale deed. It is mandatory that every investor is aware of the importance and the basis of a sale deed. This will protect him from being cheated by any developers and owners.
Agreements & Contracts

While preparing property agreements you bear in mind some basic points. This not only helps you in ensuring the validity of an agreement but also saves time and avoids unwanted delays from the seller. Here are some tips that help you to ensure the validity of your property.

1. Terms for Payment

The buyer and seller have to agree to the terms of the price and other expenses with regard to the transfer of property. The document must contain the terms and method of payment agreed by both buyer and seller, the time required for payment of the last installment of property. The lawyers of both the buyer and seller must go through the documentation and sign them.

2. Transfer Title of Property

The title of the property is an important document for the sanction of mortgage or loan from the bank. The title of property should be transferred to the buyer’s name once the seller receives the amount agreed with the buyer. Transfer of title of the property is the last step in the transaction before transferring the property. Seller has to register the property in the buyer’s name in local registrar office or under whichever jurisdiction the property belongs to.

3. Stamp Duty

Stamp duty rates are fixed for properties by the authorities. The rate may vary from state to state. The buyer has to ensure that seller has registered the property in buyers name on the rate levied for the property transferring.

4. Sales deed

Sales deed is an agreement between the buyer and seller. One needs to go through all the requisite documents in detail with professional help If any property has multiple owners, then each owner has to sign on the documents.

(B) To Issue search title Reports

A title search is a process that is performed primarily to determine the answer to three important questions: Does the seller have a saleable interest in the property? What kind of restrictions or allowances pertains to the use of the land (real covenants, easements, or other servitudes)?
Do any liens exist on the property which needs to be paid off at closing (mortgages, back taxes, mechanic’s liens, or other assessments)?

Anyone may do a title search. Documents concerning conveyances of land are a matter of public record. These documents are maintained in hard copy format or sometimes scanned into image files but the information contained within the documents is typically not available in a data format as the records are descriptions of legal events which contain terms, conditions, and languages in excess. It is often the case
that people choose to contact a title company or attorney to conduct an exhaustive title search. The process of performing a title search involves accessing the official land records for the subject property. Each record is a document evidencing an event which occurred in the history of the property. A deed records an event of property transfer, mortgage documents the collateral interest of a home loan, and a lien documents a claim against the property in favor of another. In each recorded event, the document indicates parties of grantor and grantee. The grantor is the party transferring away property rights, and the grantee is receiving property right. In the case of a deed, the grantor would typically be the property seller, and the grantee the buyer. A mortgage grantor is the borrower of the loan since they are giving away property rights to the lender, or grantee.

(C) Property Claims/Suits

Property rights are rights over things enforceable against all other persons. By contrast, contractual rights are rights enforceable against particular persons. Property rights may, however, arise from a contract; the two systems of rights overlap. In relation to the sale of land, for example, two sets of legal relationships exist alongside one another: the contractual right to sue for damages, and the property right exercisable over the land. A minor property rights may be created by contract, as in the case of easements, covenants, and equitable servitudes. A separate distinction is evident where the rights granted are insufficiently substantial to confer on the non-owner a definable interest or right in the thing. The clearest example of these rights is the license. In general, even if licenses are created by a binding contract, they do not give rise to property interests.

For More information please contact us:
Consultants for Housing Co-operative Society in Pune
Ved Legal Associates
Email: [email protected] / [email protected]
Mobile: +91 9763040088

Advocated for Agreement to Sale

Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

Transfer of Immovable Property by various Modes undertaken by Advocates of Ved Legal:-
Immovable Property has greater significance for an agreement to sell, mainly because such sales are complicated affairs requiring numerous documents and legal procedures. This necessitates detailed understanding and description of the entire procedure and roles of the parties. Thus, for a sale of immovable property, the first step is to draft an agreement to sell.

What Is An Agreement To Sell?
An Agreement to sell is by nature a memorandum of agreement wherein the terms and condition of a prospective contract of sale is enumerated along with the proposed consideration and details of payment. It is a document of major importance in a sale of immovable property. It is the document on which the Deed of Sale is based on. It enables the process of sale to happen smoothly by describing the steps in detail. This helps in creating a better understanding between the parties and their individual roles in the sale.

An Agreement to Sell includes matters like:

Proposal to purchase and agreement to sell
Detailed description of the property
Proviso requirement of good marketable titles and no encumbrances
Payment details including earnest money
Delivery of original documents on payment
Drafting of sale deed and registration of the same if titles found good
Method of delivery of property
Refund of earnest money in case of improper titles
Remedies for non-completion of sale on part of vendor including specific performance and bearing of expense of proceedings
Forfeiture of earnest money, if purchaser fails to complete the sale
Action if the property is affected by notice from government authorities.
Production of tax related certificates
Schedule description of the property
Memo of consideration for earnest money received
All other matters incidental to the proposed Sale
An Agreement to Sell thus shows the willingness of the parties to sell/buy a property in question and culminates in creation of the actual sale deed. It cannot be called a Sale Deed because it does not create any rights on the property for the buyer.

What Is A Sale Deed?
A deed of sale is a document that actually transfers the rights associated with a property from one party to another. It is usually drafted as a continuation of the agreement to sell. All the terms and conditions mentioned in the former would be fulfilled and observed in a deed of sale. Following are some of the points that are mentioned in a Sale Deed.

Description of the ownership and property,Clear titles verified by the purchaser,Reference to the Agreement to Sell and the price details, Release/discharge of the property with description of facilities measurements, privileges, easements and other rights, Transfer of all rights, interests, claim, demand whatsoever of the property, Facilitating peaceful enjoyment of the property without hindrance, Indemnifying the purchaser against losses arising out of negligence/actions of seller or heirs
Full authority of vendor to sell.
In short, a Sale deed mentions more of the transfer of property and rights which forms the crux of it. All other terms and conditions are mentioned in the agreement to sell. Therefore, the Sale Deed can be drafted briefly.

Key Differences Between Sale And Agreement To Sell
A sale implies immediate transfer of property. It is accomplished through a Sale Deed, while an agreement to sell implies future transfer.
Risks are transferred immediately in Sale, whereas they remain with the seller in case of Agreement to Sell.
A Sale is an executed contract, while an Agreement to Sell is an executory contract.
Breach of Sale can result in a suit for price as well as damages, while any breach of terms of an Agreement to Sell can result only in suit for damages.
A Sale Deed is a compulsorily registrable instrument whereas an Agreement to Sell is subject to laws of the particular state.

Lawyers for Sale Deed

Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

There are various ways through which you can transfer a property that you own. It could be by way of sale, Will or gift. A commonly used method, especially when transferring to a family member or friend, is executing a gift deed in favour of the recipient. Though no monetary transaction is involved, it is still necessary to register the gift deed to make the transfer valid.

WHAT IS A GIFT DEED?

Under section 122 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, you can transfer immovable property through a gift deed. Like a sale deed, a gift deed contains details of the property, the transferrer and recipient. But instead of a sale consideration in a sale deed, a gift deed allows you to transfer ownership without any exchange of money. Registering a gift deed with the sub-registrar is mandatory as per section 17 of the Registration Act, 1908, and as per section 123 of the Transfer of Property Act. If you don’t do this, the transfer will be invalid.

Besides that, once a gift deed is registered in the name of the recipient, only then can she apply for mutation of the property. Mutation is necessary to transfer utility connections in the name of the recipient. Also, for the recipient to be able to further transfer the property, a registered gift deed will be required.

WHAT ARE THE CHARGES?

Stamp duty and registration fee has to be paid to register a gift deed. In some states, stamp duty rates for property transfer by way of gift is the same as for sale or conveyance deed.

However, rules vary across states; certain state governments even offer some concession if the property is being gifted to blood relatives. For instance, in Delhi, the stamp duty in case of property transfer by way of sale or gift deed is the same—4% for men and 6% for women. In West Bengal, the stamp duty for sale or conveyance deed is 5% of the property’s market value in panchayat areas, and 6% of market value in municipal areas. In case of a gift deed, the rate is the same if the property is being gifted to a non-family member. If recipient is a family member, then only 0.5% of the market value of the property has to be paid as stamp duty.

THINGS TO REMEMBER
Once a gift deed of an immovable property is executed in favour of any recipient, the donor does not have the right to revoke or cancel the deed at a later stage, unless there is a specific clause mentioned in the deed. Section 126 of the property transfer Act provides for a situation wherein a gift deed may be revoked by the donor. For instance, if the property was gifted so that the recipient can reside in it, upon death of the recipient, the property will get transferred back to the donor if she is alive, else to the heirs of the recipient. Such details, however, need to be specifically mentioned in the gift deed.

Everyone’s dream is to own a property. Obviously you need money to buy a property, but many recent instances of fraud and bogus selling of property is something that is beyond money alone. If there is one important thing that gives legal protection to ownership of your property, it is the sale deed.

What is sale deed?

A sale deed is one of the most valuable legal documents in a purchase or sale of a property. It is governed by the Registration Act and is an important document for both the buyer or the transferee and the seller or the transferor.

The purchase or sale of property is not legally complete until a sale deed is signed between the buyer and the seller. Usually a sale deed is signed only after both the parties are satisfied and comply with the terms and conditions as said in the agreement.

How is it prepared?

To begin with the buyer and the seller agree to prepare a draft sale deed on non-judicial stamp paper. This value of the sale deed will differ from state to state in the country and as prescribed by the Stamp Act of the respective State.

Once the following details in the sale deed is agreed between the two parties the sale deed is ready to be signed. The sale deed would also require to be signed by at least two witnesses with all their details included.

What does it contain?

A sale deed has almost all the details required to carry out the purchase or sale of a property. Beginning with the basic details like the full names of the buyer and the seller, and their addresses, the other details in the draft sale deed would include the details of the property under sale such as its identification number, its exact location, the address, total area of the property, and the detail of the construction if it is a house.

Most importantly the sale deed would require the seller to certify that the property under sale is free from any encumbrance and without any lien.

If there is an existing loan taken against the property the seller should settle the loan and then only execute the sale deed. However, it is always better for the buyer to check this with the local registrar’s office.

Besides these the draft sale deed would also include the total amount to be paid for the purchase/sale of the property, advance amount paid if any, the dates on which the payment are made, how it is paid, the time given for the payments, the details of the bank transactions of the payments, etc.

The sale deed would also mention about the receipt issued by the seller to the buyer for the money received towards the sale transaction.

It would also clearly mention the exact date on which the seller would hand over to the buyer the original property related documents and the date of subsequent possession of the property under sale.

The draft sale deed would also mention the indemnity provisions for the buyer and the seller.

How does it work?

The sale deed is registered at the jurisdictional sub-registrar’s office. Apart from the buyer and seller of the property under sale the witnesses should also be present at the time of registration.

Sometimes if the buyer or seller is not in a position to be physically present his nominated agent empowered with a Power of Attorney is legally allowed to execute the sale deed.

The original documents related to the sale of the property should be produced within four months from the date the sale deed is to be executed. If this is not possible the registrar might allow a grace period of another four months to produce the original documents however this delay might attract a maximum penalty of 10 times the registration charges related to the property.

Usually, the buyer would pay the stamp duty and the registration charges. And the seller on his part should ensure that all payments related to the property such as property tax, cess, water and electricity charges, and others was paid before the sale deed is executed.

Lawyers for Property transfer

Ved Legal comprises of a dedicated team of experts. We offer a multitude of services in the areas of Co-operative and Property law, but we are best known for our expertise in the Co-operative field i.e. Society Formation/Registration as well as Deemed Conveyance, Conveyance thereof. We have vast experience in representing our clients in matters of Society Formation, Deemed Conveyance, and Recovery. We also undertake different types of property matters including Conveyances, Agreements (Rent, Lease and Leave & Licenses), Partnership Firms & Its Registration, Wills, Probates, Succession, Contracts etc..

We also deal with consultation on an annual basis which includes, consultancy regarding by-laws of society, election of the management committee, recovery of maintenance etc.
Ved Legal believes in providing qualitative legal services strictly in accordance with conforming to the highest values of ethics and integrity associated with this noble profession. We strive to achieve a high precedent for providing personalized and accessible legal services to all of our clients since Client satisfaction has always been paramount when considering the philosophy and work culture of the Ved Legal.

Property Law Cases / Property Transfer includes All movable or immovable Property Claims/Suits.
The Indian Constitution does not recognize property right as a fundamental right. In the year 1977, the 44th amendment eliminated the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property as a fundamental right. However, in another part of the Constitution, Article 300 (A) was inserted to affirm that no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law. The result is that the right to property as a fundamental right is now substituted as a statutory right. The amendment expanded the power of the state to appropriate property for social welfare purposes. In other words, the amendment bestowed upon the Indian socialist state a license to indulge in what Fredric Bastiat termed legal plunder. This is one of the classic examples when the law has been perverted in order to make plunder look just and sacred to many consciences.

Indian experiences and conception of property and wealth have a very different historical basis when compared to western countries. The fact the present system of property as we know arises out of the peculiar developments in Europe in the 17th to 18thcentury and therefore its experiences were universally not applicable. A still more economic area in which the answer is both difficult and important is the definition of property rights. The notion of property as it has developed over centuries and it has embodied in our legal codes, has become so much a part of us that we tend to take it for granted, and fail to recognize the extent to which just what constitutes property and what rights the ownership of property confers are complex social creations rather than self-evident propositions.

Transfer Of Property

If you want to transfer registered land or property, you must use the correct form depending on whether you are transferring the whole or part of the actual land or property. You will need to send us a completed form TR1 if you wish to transfer: the whole of the land/property a share of the property/land by adding someone to the ownership, for example, on marriage or civil partnership when the current owner(s) is transferring to themselves and their new partner a share of the property by removing someone from ownership, for example, when a relationship breaks down and one or more of the current owner(s) are transferring to the remaining owner(s) a share in the property/land by adding additional owners, for example when E and F want to add G and H to the ownership, so E and F transfer to E,F G and H, a share in a property, for example, when I J and K own the property/land and I no longer wants to be an owner so I, J and K transfer to J and K.

Having an authorized property without any legal issues is very important for a new property investor. With an increasing number of frauds in a land sale, it is quite difficult to sense the trouble at the initial stages. In such cases, one of the most important legal security towards the ownership of the property will be the sale deed. It is mandatory that every investor is aware of the importance and the basis of a sale deed. This will protect him from being cheated by any developers and owners.
Agreements & Contracts

While preparing property agreements you bear in mind some basic points. This not only helps you in ensuring the validity of an agreement but also saves time and avoids unwanted delays from the seller. Here are some tips that help you to ensure the validity of your property.

1. Terms for Payment

The buyer and seller have to agree to the terms of the price and other expenses with regard to the transfer of property. The document must contain the terms and method of payment agreed by both buyer and seller, the time required for payment of the last installment of property. The lawyers of both the buyer and seller must go through the documentation and sign them.

2. Transfer Title of Property

The title of the property is an important document for the sanction of mortgage or loan from the bank. The title of property should be transferred to the buyer’s name once the seller receives the amount agreed with the buyer. Transfer of title of the property is the last step in the transaction before transferring the property. Seller has to register the property in the buyer’s name in local registrar office or under whichever jurisdiction the property belongs to.

3. Stamp Duty

Stamp duty rates are fixed for properties by the authorities. The rate may vary from state to state. The buyer has to ensure that seller has registered the property in buyers name on the rate levied for the property transferring.

4. Sales deed

Sales deed is an agreement between the buyer and seller. One needs to go through all the requisite documents in detail with professional help If any property has multiple owners, then each owner has to sign on the documents.

(B) To Issue search title Reports

A title search is a process that is performed primarily to determine the answer to three important questions: Does the seller have a saleable interest in the property? What kind of restrictions or allowances pertains to the use of the land (real covenants, easements, or other servitudes)?
Do any liens exist on the property which needs to be paid off at closing (mortgages, back taxes, mechanic’s liens, or other assessments)?

Anyone may do a title search. Documents concerning conveyances of land are a matter of public record. These documents are maintained in hard copy format or sometimes scanned into image files but the information contained within the documents is typically not available in a data format as the records are descriptions of legal events which contain terms, conditions, and languages in excess. It is often the case
that people choose to contact a title company or attorney to conduct an exhaustive title search. The process of performing a title search involves accessing the official land records for the subject property. Each record is a document evidencing an event which occurred in the history of the property. A deed records an event of property transfer, mortgage documents the collateral interest of a home loan, and a lien documents a claim against the property in favor of another. In each recorded event, the document indicates parties of grantor and grantee. The grantor is the party transferring away property rights, and the grantee is receiving property right. In the case of a deed, the grantor would typically be the property seller, and the grantee the buyer. A mortgage grantor is the borrower of the loan since they are giving away property rights to the lender, or grantee.

(C) Property Claims/Suits

Property rights are rights over things enforceable against all other persons. By contrast, contractual rights are rights enforceable against particular persons. Property rights may, however, arise from a contract; the two systems of rights overlap. In relation to the sale of land, for example, two sets of legal relationships exist alongside one another: the contractual right to sue for damages, and the property right exercisable over the land. A minor property rights may be created by contract, as in the case of easements, covenants, and equitable servitudes. A separate distinction is evident where the rights granted are insufficiently substantial to confer on the non-owner a definable interest or right in the thing. The clearest example of these rights is the license. In general, even if licenses are created by a binding contract, they do not give rise to property interests.

For More information please contact us:
Consultants for Housing Co-operative Society in Pune
Ved Legal Associates
Email: [email protected] / [email protected]
Mobile: +91 9763040088

EXPERT IN CONVEYANCE, DEEMED CONVEYANCE OF CO-OPERATIVE HOUSING SOCIETIES.

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