The following papers and documents are required for the registration of property.

Adjudication is a process which evaluates a market value of a property and hence ascertains the stamp duty by collector of stamps. It is better to get the document adjudicated in case the building is very old and proper depreciation is not given by the sub-registrar.

A No Objection Certificate (NOC) is required under the Urban Land Ceiling Act, if the land transferred exceeds 500 mtrs in the Pune City, If the land belongs to a Government Body or Semi-Government body or Charitable Trust then the NOC of the body is also required.

A Property Card of the land on which the property is being registered is situated is necessary. This requirement is irrespective of whether land is sold or the building is being sold or any other part of the building is being sold and also irrespective of whether the seller of the property is recorded as the owner on the property card or not. In other words, even the flat owners are expected to produce this paper at the time of registration.

If you are going to purchase and old property then you may claim the benefit of depreciation during the adjudication procedure. For that, the documents required are
–Municipal Assessment Bill Of The Building,
–Building Completion Certificate
— Original registered agreement between the builder and original purchaser of that flat or of any other flat in that building

As per the valuation the registration fee is to be paid in cash to the sub-registrar at the time of registration. The fees are prescribed in the Registration Act, 1908 which is 1% of the market value or up to Rs. 30,000/- which is accepted by a Challan.

Any proof of identity such as voter id card, PAN card, driving license, passport etc are required during the registration procedure.
Original Stamp Duty Payment Receipt
Photocopy of the Deed and Butter Paper

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Land is a subject falling within the powers of the State Governments under the Constitution of India 1 and hence, property laws in India may differ from State to State. Besides the local laws, several laws enacted by the Central Government also govern acquisition and ownership of property (including an interest in property) through purchase/sale, transfer, mortgage, inheritance or gift.

When a person acquires or owns an immovable property, the law also give him/her the right to use, lease, sell, rent or transfer/gift of the land. The owner also has a right to mortgage his immovable property as a security for loans. However, there are some laws which restrict the type of use a land can be put to, e.g., a land may be used only for residential or commercial purposes to prevent haphazard/unorganized growth of cities and towns. Laws in some of the States prevent/restrict outsiders from acquiring property within the State. Restrictions are also placed on non-agriculturists from acquiring agricultural land. There are also other laws which prescribe rules and regulations for protection of environment or which provide for approval of building plans/designs so as to protect people from natural or manmade hazards. Some laws like the Registration Act, 1908, also lay down provisions governing registration of property transactions so as to keep proper records of ownership of property in the public domain.

The Transfer of Property between any two parties is governed by the Transfer of Property Act, 1882. Both these parties need to be alive for transfer under the Act. In case of transfer of a property of a deceased person, Succession Laws as per the religion of the deceased will be applicable.

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Execution and registration of sale deed for an immoveable property transfers and conveys absolute title of the property in favour of the buyer. However, in certain cases, when a sale deed for an immoveable property is being executed, the concerned parties incorporate certain conditions in the document that impose restrictions or constraints on the right of the buyer to sell or transfer the property.

The Transfer of Property Act, 1882 deals with such restrictions or constraints. Any condition or limitation restraining the buyer from parting with or disposing of his interest in the property is void according to the act. Two exceptions to this rule are:

■ In the case of a lease where such restriction or condition is imposed for the benefit of the lessor, and
■ Where a property is transferred to or for the benefit of a woman who is not a Hindu, Muslim or Buddhist, with a condition that she shall not have power during her marriage to transfer or create any encumbrance in the sale of property transferred to her

The above mentioned rule has been incorporated into the Act to encourage sale and purchase of property without restriction on future transfer. It is based on the basic principle that transferring a property cannot be separated from giving the beneficial ownership of the property to the transferee/buyer. Therefore, the condition by which an absolute restraint is imposed against the transfer of that property is considered to be void. Selling or transferring the property is an inherent right of every owner and restrictive conditions cannot be imposed on him or her.

One of the examples of absolute restraint can be where A ( owner of a property) agrees to sell it to B (the buyer)for 1 lakh. While executing of the sale deed, A puts a condition in the sale deed that if B ever intends to part with or sell or transfer the house in the future, B must sell the house to A or heirs of A and to no one else. Such a condition would fall in the category of absolute restraint as it affects the beneficial enjoyment of the house by B. Beneficial enjoyment of the house by B includes his right to sell it or dispose it in any other way.

The consistent view of the courts has been that an absolute restraint is void but a partial restraint is not.
For applicability of this rule, two essential conditions are required: ■ There must be a transfer of property and ■ There must be a condition which absolutely restrains the transferee/buyer from alienation/transfer of such property This rule applies to only those conditions which impose an absolute condition on the alienation/ transfer of property. However, there may be certain conditions, which partially restrain the right of the owner of the property to alienate/transfer the property. Such specific conditions which partially restrain the owner from alienating/ transferring the property have been held to be valid by various courts on various occasions.

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The Transfer of Property Act governs the transfer of property by any means in India. Property can be transferred by sale, mortgage, exchange, lease or gift. All such property transactions are governed by the Transfer of Property Act.

As per the Act, a sale is transfer of ownership of property in exchange for a price paid or promised to be paid. Any sale of property must be made only by a written and registered instrument like sale deed. On execution of a property transfer document, delivery of the immovable property takes place when the seller places the buyer, in possession of the property to complete the property sale transaction.

It is important to note that an agreement for sale of property does not amount to sale of property, as it does not, of itself, create any interest in or charge on the property.

Mortgage of Property
Mortgage is the transfer of an interest in an immovable property for the purpose of securing a loan or the performance of an engagement. Hence, though mortgage does not transfer the property to a third-party, it creates an interest in the immovable property. More about property mortgage laws in India.
Lease of Property

Lease of property is a transfer of right to enjoy the property, for a certain period of time or in perpetuity, for consideration paid or promised by the transferee. In a lease transaction, the owner of the property is the transferor and the tenant is the transferee. In the absence of a lease agreement, the lease of agricultural or manufacturing property is deemed to be a lease from year to year, terminable by either party with a six months notice. Lease of immovable property for any other purpose is deemed to be a lease from month to month, terminable by either party with fifteen days notice. Lease of property for any term exceeding one year or reserving a yearly rent must be made as a registered lease agreement. All lease agreements must be executed by both the lessor and the lessee.

Exchange of Property
When two persons agree transfer the ownership of a property for the ownership of another property, neither thing nor both things being money only, then the transaction is called an “exchange” of property. A transfer of property in completion of an exchange can be made only in a way provided for the transfer of such property by sale.
Gift of Property

Gift of property is when a transfer or property happens voluntarily and without consideration. In a gift of property, the person giving the property is called the donor and the person accepting the property is called the donee. All gift of property must be made by way of registered instrument signed by or on behalf of the donor and attested by at least two witnesses. The acceptance of a gift of property must be made during the lifetime of the donor and while he is still capable of giving.

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