­

Lawyers for Divorce in Pune

Section 13B in the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955
*13B DIVORCE BY MUTUAL CONSENT —

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act a petition for dissolution of marriage by a decree of divorce may be presented to the district court by both the parties to a marriage together, whether such marriage was solemnized before or after the commencement of the Marriage Laws (Amendment) Act, 1976 (68 of 1976)*, on the ground that they have been living separately for a period of one year or more, that they have not been able to live together and that they have mutually agreed that the marriage should be dissolved.

(2) On the motion of both the parties made not earlier than six months after the date of the presentation of the petition referred to in sub-section (1) and not later than eighteen months after the said date, if the petition is not withdrawn in the meantime, the court shall, on being satisfied, after hearing the parties and after making such inquiry as it thinks fit, that a marriage has been solemnized and that the averments in the petition are true, pass a decree of divorce declaring the marriage to be dissolved with effect from the date of the decree.]

(i) The period of 6 to 18 months provided in section 13B is a period of interregnum which is intended to give time and opportunity to the parties to reflect on their move. In this transitional period the parties or either of them may have second thoughts; Suman v. Surendra Kumar, AIR 2003 Raj 155.

(ii) The period of living separately for one year must be immediately preceding the presentation of petition. The expression ‘living separately’ connotes not living like husband and wife. It has no reference to the place of living. The parties may live under the same roof and yet they may not be living as husband and wife. The parties should have no desire to perform marital obligations; Sureshta Devi v. Om Prakash, AIR 1992 SC 1904.

(iii) The period of six to eighteen months time is given in divorce by mutual consent as to give time and opportunity to the parties to reflect on their move and seek advice from relations and friends. Mutual consent should continue till the divorce decree is passed. The court should be satisfied about the bona fides and consent of the parties. If there is no consent at the time of enquiry the court gets no jurisdiction to make a decree for divorce. If the court is held to have the power to make a decree solely based on the initial petition, it negates the whole idea of mutuality. There can be unilateral withdrawal of consent. Held, that since consent of the wife was obtained by fraud and wife was not willing to consent, there could be unilateral withdrawal, of consent; Sureshta Devi v. Om Prakash, AIR 1992 SC 1904.

By |November 23rd, 2017|lawyers for divorce in pune|1 Comment

Builder’s Handover Process

*BUILDER’S HANDOVER PROCESS:-

The date of handover from builder to the registered owners association is an important day for new apartment owners and all residents. It has to be taken seriously and detailed due diligence must be done when interacting with the builders during this handover process. Once the formal handover to the Owners Association is completed, the onus is on the association to run the affairs of the society and to ensure its smooth functioning. The association must be prepared for this day for 3+ months leading to this event.

It is recommended that owners collaboratively engage with the builder right from late construction stages that will help them to take-up this responsibility in future. The builders can also reach out to representatives from the owners group to assist in the selection of maintenance agency which prepares them for the handover process.
Based on our experience in interacting with various builders and associations, we have collated a check list that associations can use when in dialogue with the builder on the handover process:

1. Get approved building plan which includes block-wise and floor-wise details
2. Collect the Completion Certificate which ensures adherence of the approved plan
3. No Objection certificates from pollution, fire, water and electricity authorities
4. Hard copy and soft copy (in CD) of all approved engineering drawings; look for approval seal on the drawings
5. Registration and parent documents
6. Drainage, sewage, Fire protection and common area power layout drawings
7. Car parking layout drawings (with numbering)
8. Asset Inventory of all movable and immovable equipment purchased; numbered in order (list needs to be exhaustive)
9. Record of recent service history on key equipment’s like lifts, DG sets, STP and WTP
10.AMC and warranty details; Original bills of equipment purchased (motors, Sewage and Water Treatment Plant, Generators, Gym items like treadmill)
11.Lift license details and next renewal date
12.STP/WTP vendor details, plant layout, operation manual and drawings
13.Receipts of property, electricity and water payments paid
14.Handover of corpus amount to the association
15.Share recent expenses incurred on various maintenance activities and account heads; will assist to budget coming year (staff salaries, purchase of cleaning material, swimming pool maintenance etc)
16.Contract signed with maintenance agency; agreed SLAs
17.Insurance taken for assets and third party lift insurance
18.Audited account statement at the time of handover
19. Arrange for introductory meeting with important suppliers and vendors

By |November 22nd, 2017|Builder’s Handover Process:-|0 Comments

Advocates for register a new housing society

*REGISTER A NEW HOUSING SOCIETY

First general body meeting (before registration)

In this meeting under Society’s Model Bye-law 3(iii), the Chief Promoter (could be the builder) is primarily selected by the promoters, who are members co-signing the registration application before the Registering Authority, under Bye-law 3(xii).

Application for registration

Normally, the name reservation proposal should be accompanied with the society resolutions and signatures of at least 10 Promoters who have attended the meeting. On allotment of name and permission to open a bank account by the Registrar, the Chief Promoter has to collect Share Capital, Entrance Fees from promoters and deposit the same in the branch of the bank permitted by the Registrar. It should be noted that the amount cannot be withdrawn from the Bank till the society is registered or its registration is refused, except with prior written permission of the Registrar. The Chief Promoter should submit registration proposal to the registering authority within a period of 3 months from the date of issue of Letter of Reservation in the name of the proposed society.
Co-operative Societies Commissioner & Registrar’s GR No. SAGRUVO/1094/Pra.Kra 277/14C dated 10 March 1995 says “By exercising the powers in section 7 of the Co-operative Societies Act 1960 the government is pleased to exempt the provision of minimum 10 members for registering co-operative Housing society under sub-clause 1 in Section 6 of the said Act subject to the conditions that the plinth area of each flat in the proposed co-operative Housing Society should not be more than 700 sq. ft and FSI should not be balance for utilization in the proposed societies land/ building.

If builder/ promoter is not co-operating in registering the Co-operative Housing Society, then in that case, the application for registration of society be submitted in Form 6 (Rule 12) before the District Deputy Registrar, who has been given power under section 10(1) of the Maharashtra Ownership Flats Act 1963. While submitting the said proposal, a Notarized Indemnity Bond of the members who applied for the registration of society on the stamp paper of Rs. 200 is required.

Approval by Registrar

It is the duty of the concerned Registrar to register the Co-operative Housing Society, by scrutinizing the proposal submitted after fulfillment of above mentioned documents, and shall make an arrangement of issuing certificate of registration society under Section 9(1) of the Maharashtra Co-operative Society Act 1960, and copy of the registered bye-law, memorandum regarding registration of society to the chief promoter. The order regarding registration of society should have been sent for publishing in government gazette to the Government Printing Press for appropriate action. It is necessary to take decision on the registration of the society within a period of two months from the date of the proposal of the society submitted to the Registrar.

If proposal of society registration is denied or no decision is taken within two months then it is necessary to send that proposal to the Divisional Joint Registrar, Co-operative Societies under Section 152 of the Maharashtra Co. operative societies Act, can be approached.

First General Body Meeting obligatory Agenda (after registration):
• To elect a Chairman for the meeting
• To admit persons to membership who have applied for membership of the society.
• To elect a provisional Managing Committee
• To receive and approve the statement of account as prepared by the Chief Promoter of the society up to 14 days prior to the first general body meeting of the society.
• To authorize the committee to secure conveyance of right title and interest in the property in the name of the society from the promoter builder
• To impose restrictions on raising loan amount from outside
• To appoint internal auditor and to fix his remuneration
• To authorize one of the members of the provisional committee to call the first meeting of the provisional committee
• To take decision about taking membership of District Housing Federation and other institutions
• To give power to one member of provisional management committee to call meeting of the managing committee
• To consider the matters raised by the member except these matters which are necessary for giving advance notice with the permission of chairman and eleventh hour matter and to make resolution in that regard.

By |November 22nd, 2017|ADVOCATES FOR REGISTER A NEW HOUSING SOCIETY|0 Comments

Brief of Deemed Conveyance

DEEMED CONVEYANCE

Most of the flat-owners of the newly constructed apartments do not have their sale deeds or conveyance deeds or even names in the 7/12. Mostly in the newly constructed buildings, the builders provide for making a housing co-operative society to which they shall transfer their interest in the property. Then the builders make the society but do not pass on the title of the property (read ownership) to the flat-owners or the society till he has sold all the flats in the building. Thus the builders are benefiting from the buyers lack of awareness and information.

To curb this practice, amendments were carried out in the Maharashtra Ownership Flats Act, 1963, in 2008 to appoint a Competent Authority (Registrar of Co-operative Housing Societies) to hear the grievances of such apartment owners and to safeguard the interest of such societies.

MEANING OF DEEMED CONVEYANCE: Conveyance means to transfer or convey anything to another person. In the legal sense Conveyance refers to the transfer of ownership or other interest in the property to the other party. Conveyance Deed is a document executed to transfer the title of land and building in favour of Society or Association of Persons (AOP). A deemed conveyance means when the builder/ promoter/ developer of the project refuses to sign the conveyance deed the court can sign the same on behalf of the builder and record the same in the government records.

WHEN IS THERE A NEED FOR DEEMED CONVEYANCE: In a situation when a promoter or owner of residential premises/ buildings does not transfer/convey the ownership of the flats to the housing society or association of persons (AOP), the society or AOP can make an application to Registrar of Co-operative Housing Societies, to transfer the ownership of the said flats to them. This process is carried on through Deemed Conveyance of the title of the buildings and land in favour of the Society or AOP without the need of the builder to do so.

IMPORTANCE AND PROVISION OF LAW ON CONVEYANCE: As per the Housing Society bye-laws, the main objective of formation of the Society is to obtain the Conveyance; and if Conveyance is not given by the Builder within four months from the date of registration of the Society, a case can be filed against the Builder to obtain the Conveyance. As per Section 13 of Maharashtra Ownership Flats Act, 1963, failure to give Conveyance is an offence and the Builder can be imprisoned up to 3 years or fined or both.

ADVANTAGES OF CONVEYANCE:
1. Getting a proper and legal title in the name of the Society.
2. Retaining the additional FSI as per the Government announcements.
3. Property will be free and marketable.
4. Society can raise the loans for repairs and reconstruction by mortgage.
5. Permission from planning authorities is possible if the building has to be reconstructed at a later date due to dilapidation of the structure due to age or by earthquake.
6. Society can take the benefit of TDR.
7. Members can receive compensation from Builder on redevelopment of the building.

DISADVANTAGES OF NOT HAVING CONVEYANCE DEED
1. Even though you have purchased ownership flat, you are not the owner of the land and building. 2. In the event of a building collapse or damage to the building, you cannot reconstruct the building without the permission of the Builder / Land owner.
3. The Builder/Developer may mortgage the property purchased by you as he is the legal owner and holding the Title Deeds of the Property.
4. The Builder/Developer may transfer the FSI/ TDR to his other projects and enjoy the commercial benefits, depriving the flat purchasers/Society of its legal entitlement.
5. The Builder may make profit by sale of open spaces, gardens, terrace, parking space belonging to the Society.
6. The Builder may demand a huge amount from the Society, if Conveyance is sought by the Society after a lapse of many years.
7. The Builder may sell the entire Development Rights and the Legal Rights on the land to third party and create a third party interest in the Property and the Society will have to incur a huge amount to clear the same.

CONDITIONS PRECEDENT FOR GETTING A DEEMED CONVEYANCE: There are certain important conditions which need to be fulfilled to go ahead for deemed conveyance, some of them are:
1. At least 60% of the flats in that scheme should be sold.
2. A Co-operative Society or Association of Persons should have been formed of the flat-owners and at least 3-4 months should have been passed since then.
3. There should be communication between the builder and the society or AOP regarding Deemed Conveyance wherein the builder should have made a promise of completion of conveyance or refused to do the same.

PROCEDURE FOR FILING AN APPLICATION FOR DEEMED CONVEYANCE: After the above mentioned conditions are fulfilled, the following steps shall be taken:

 Write a letter /email to builder/ promoter requesting him to provide a draft of the SALE DEED/ CONVEYANCE DEED or providing the draft to him and requesting him to sign the same.
 If the Builder rejects or postpones the same, send him a legal notice through an advocate requesting for the same.
 Even then if the builder refuses, File an application with the Registrar of Co-operative Societies together with all the relevant documents and 2000 Rs. Court stamp fees.
 Self-attestation all the copies enclosed (by the society)
 The Competent Authority will assess the application and if any documents are missing he will ask the applicant to correct the mistake within fifteen days.
 Thereafter, notice would be sent to the promoter and the land owners.
 After receipt of the notice by the land owners and the promoters, the authority will hear both parties in the first hearing and ask both parties to produce further evidences in next hearing.
 Thereafter, second hearing would be held and if the builder or landowners do not attend both first and second hearing then the authority will pass an exparte order.
 Thereafter, the third and final hearing would be held and the authority would be held and order would be passed unless a legal question is raised.
 Normally the whole process is completed within a period of 6 months.

List of Documents Required for Deemed Conveyance

*List of Documents Required for Deemed Conveyance.

Once you have completely understood what is Deemed Conveyance and how your apartment complex can apply for it, there is lots of paperwork which is involved. If you are using apartment management software like Apartment ADDA, most of these would have been uploaded by your managing committee members.

The papers required for doing Deemed Conveyance are as follows:

o Application Form 7 to the District Deputy Registrar, Co-operative Societies, affixing a court fee stamp of Rs 2,000 on the application
o Affidavit made before the Notary or Executive Magistrate, True copy of the Society Registration Certificate
o Stamp duty paid and registered agreement copies of all individual flats/ shops
o List of members in prescribed format
o Index-II for each member as issued by the Sub-Registrar of Assurance
o Copy of the Development Agreement between land owner and builder
o Copy of the legal notice issued to the original owner or developer for doing conveyance
o Details of corresponding address telephone number etc. of the original owner or developer
o Draft conveyance deed/ Declaration proposed to be executed in favour of the applicant

Documents to be obtained from City Survey Office, for submission:
o City (CTS) Survey plan
o Property Registration Card or
o 7/12 extract of the land
o Village form 6 (Mutation entries from Revenue Office)

Documents to be obtained from the Collector’s Office, for submission:
o Copy of the Non-Agricultural Order
o Certificate of the exclusion from Land Ceiling Act (ULC) Certificate

Documents to be obtained from the concerned Municipal Authority Office, for submission:
o Copy of the approved plan
o IOD
o Commencement Certificate
o Building Completion certificate
o Occupation Certificate (not compulsory)
o Property taxes paid
o Location plan of the building

Documents to be obtained from other professionals, for submission:
o Search Report of the land issued by the Solicitor/Advocate
o Title Certificate of the Property issued by the Solicitor/Advocate (Search by minimum for last 30 years)
o Land Measurement Map/ Architect’s Certificate (layout plan of the plot)
o Certified copy from Panel Architect about the utilization of full FSI or FSI if any left in respect of the said property /Plot.

By |November 22nd, 2017|List of Documents Required for Deemed Conveyance|0 Comments

PROVISIONS FOR DEEMED CONVEYANCE UNDER MOFA

PROVISIONS FOR DEEMED CONVEYANCE UNDER MOFA

Amendments in Maharashtra Ownership Flats (Regulation of the promotion of construction, sale, management and transfer) Act, 2005 giving a huge relief to hundreds and thousands of flats purchasers in Maharashtra. Conveyance to the societies was a burning issues which have integrated many problems like property tax, housing finance documentations and major repairs or redevelopment.

The highlights of the amendments are as under:
• Builder/s will have to execute the conveyance.
Power is given to the District Deputy Registrar to act as Competent Authority. (Sec. 5A)
• Power is given to Competent Authority for registration of Co-operative Society under the provisions of Maharashtra Co-operative Societies Act, 1960. (Sec. 10(1) )
• It is the duty of the promoter (builder) to file with the Competent Authority within the prescribed period a copy of the conveyance executed by him (Sec. 11(2))
• If the promoter fails to execute the conveyance in favour of Co-operative Society, Company or Associations or Apartment Owners as the case may be, then the flat purchasers can approach the Competent Authority with true copy of registered agreement of all the flat purchasers including Occupation Certificate, Registration Certificate of the society then in such circumstances the Co-operative Society, Company or Associations is entitled to have unilateral deemed conveyance (Sec. 11(3))
• The proceedings before the Competent Authority have to be completed within a period of 6 months. The Competent Authority must verify the authenticity of the document produced before him and after giving a reasonable opportunity to the promoter, if satisfied will issue a certificate to the Sub-Registrar or any other Registration Officer under the Registration Act, 1908, certifying that it is a fit case for enforcing unilateral execution of conveyance deed conveying the right, title and interest of the promoter in the land and the building in favour of the applicant, as deemed conveyance(Sec. 11(4))
• The sub registrar after receipt of the certificate issued by the Competent Authority along with the unilateral instrument of conveyance can issue summons to the promoter to show cause why the unilateral instrument should not be registered as deemed conveyance. However, reasonable opportunity of being heard may be given to the promoter. If the Sub-Registrar is satisfied then he will register the unilateral conveyance as ‘deemed conveyance’. (Sec. 11(5))
• The Competent Authority has been created who has powers to award criminal imprisonment to the builder/s for a period not less than 6 months and not more than 1 year and / or along with fine ranging from Rs 10,000/- to 50,000/-. (Sec. 13(3)(a) & 13(3)(b))
• The builder/s if convicted will not be able to carry on construction activities for a period of five years. However, the disqualification shall not affect the permission for construction of flats already granted. (Sec. 13 (4), 13(5) & 13(6) )
• The Competent Authority shall be deemed to be a public servant as per the provisions of Indian Penal Code. (Sec. (13B)
• Proceedings before Competent Authority shall be aimed to be judicial proceedings as per the provisions of Indian Penal Code. (Sec. 13C)
• Competent Authority shall be deemed to be a Civil Court for certain purposes. (Sec. 13D)
• No action can be taken against the Competent Authority for acts done in good faith by the Competent Authority. (Sec. 13E)

By |November 22nd, 2017|PROVISIONS FOR DEEMED CONVEYANCE UNDER MOFA|0 Comments

Advocates for register a new housing society

Forming a legal society is of utmost importance. It helps society owners to reap unlimited benefits and maintain smooth functioning. It is mandatory for developers to create societies and provide a final handover to the owners. However, many developers do not comply with these procedures and hence flat owners lose that added benefit that a legal society enjoys.
We, the “VED LEGAL” provide registration and formation services which help you at every step of society formation, right from inception to final handover. We look after all the legal complications involved in society formation and carry out necessary negotiations with developers.
We have also completed the registration process for various projects. We specialize in society formation of housing societies, commercial societies, maintenance societies and large townships. We help developers and societies with complex registration process during society mergers, society split, and federation registrations.
Our specialized services include:
Initial screening
Gap identification and ratification
Process documentation and finalization
Dispute resolution
Society name reservation at respective co-operative departments
Account formation and legal documentation

By |November 10th, 2017|ADVOCATES FOR REGISTER A NEW HOUSING SOCIETY|0 Comments

Conveyance Deed of Society in Pune

Conveyance of a Property is transferring the Rights, Title, Interest and Ownership of the Property from the Seller to the Purchaser.
In case of a Co-Operative Housing Society (formed by the Flat Purchasers/ Owners under the provisions of Maharashtra Co-Operative Societies Act, 1960), Conveyance is transferring the Rights, Title, Interest and Ownership of the Land and Building from the Land Owner/ Property Developer to the Co- Operative Housing Society.
As per the provisions under Section 11 of Maharashtra Ownership Flat Act, 1963, Conveyance is the Right of the Co- Operative Housing Society and the Duty of the Property Developer/ Promoter to be executed within 4 months from the date of Registration of the Co- Operative Housing Society.
The Conveyance is to be executed by way of Conveyance Deed between the Land Owners & the Co- Operative Housing Society where the Property Developer is the Confirming Party. This Conveyance Deed is required to be adjudicated & properly stamped as per the Bombay Stamp Act, 1958 & thereafter registered as per the Registration Act, 1908. It is required to obtain the Index II of the Registered Conveyance Deed. The copy of Registered Conveyance Deed along with the Index II is to be submitted to various Government Offices for change in the mutation entries of the Property.
After the Land and Building is conveyed in favour of the Co-operative Housing Society and the Title of the property is fully and finally recorded in the Property Card and other Revenue Records then only the Co- Operative Housing Society becomes absolute owner of the Property & the Title of the Co- Operative Housing Society becomes completely free and marketable.

By |November 10th, 2017|Conveyance Deed of Society in Pune|0 Comments

Advantages & Disadvantages of Conveyance Deed/Deemed Conveyance

DISADVANTAGES OF NOT HAVING CONVEYANCE DEED
1. Even though you have purchased ownership flat, you are not the owner of the land and building. 2. In the event of a building collapse or damage to the building, you cannot reconstruct the building without the permission of the Builder / Land owner.
3. The Builder/Developer may mortgage the property purchased by you as he is the legal owner and holding the Title Deeds of the Property.
4. The Builder/Developer may transfer the FSI/ TDR to his other projects and enjoy the commercial benefits, depriving the flat purchasers/Society of its legal entitlement.
5. The Builder may make profit by sale of open spaces, gardens, terrace, parking space belonging to the Society.
6. The Builder may demand a huge amount from the Society, if Conveyance is sought by the Society after a lapse of many years.
7. The Builder may sell the entire Development Rights and the Legal Rights on the land to third party and create a third party interest in the Property and the Society will have to incur a huge amount to clear the same.

Deemed Conveyance

Most of the flat-owners of the newly constructed apartments do not have their sale deeds or conveyance deeds or even names in the 7/12. Mostly in the newly constructed buildings, the builders provide for making a housing co-operative society to which they shall transfer their interest in the property. Then the builders make the society but do not pass on the title of the property (read ownership) to the flat-owners or the society till he has sold all the flats in the building. Thus the builders are benefiting from the buyers lack of awareness and information.

To curb this practice, amendments were carried out in the Maharashtra Ownership Flats Act, 1963, in 2008 to appoint a Competent Authority (Registrar of Co-operative Housing Societies) to hear the grievances of such apartment owners and to safeguard the interest of such societies.

MEANING OF DEEMED CONVEYANCE: Conveyance means to transfer or convey anything to another person. In the legal sense Conveyance refers to the transfer of ownership or other interest in the property to the other party. Conveyance Deed is a document executed to transfer the title of land and building in favour of Society or Association of Persons (AOP). A deemed conveyance means when the builder/ promoter/ developer of the project refuses to sign the conveyance deed the court can sign the same on behalf of the builder and record the same in the government records.

WHEN IS THERE A NEED FOR DEEMED CONVEYANCE: In a situation when a promoter or owner of residential premises/ buildings does not transfer/convey the ownership of the flats to the housing society or association of persons (AOP), the society or AOP can make an application to Registrar of Co-operative Housing Societies, to transfer the ownership of the said flats to them. This process is carried on through Deemed Conveyance of the title of the buildings and land in favour of the Society or AOP without the need of the builder to do so.

IMPORTANCE AND PROVISION OF LAW ON CONVEYANCE: As per the Housing Society bye-laws, the main objective of formation of the Society is to obtain the Conveyance; and if Conveyance is not given by the Builder within four months from the date of registration of the Society, a case can be filed against the Builder to obtain the Conveyance. As per Section 13 of Maharashtra Ownership Flats Act, 1963, failure to give Conveyance is an offence and the Builder can be imprisoned up to 3 years or fined or both.

By |November 10th, 2017|Deemed Conveyance|0 Comments